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Assessment of clean cooking technologies under different fuel use conditions in rural areas of Northern India

Arora, Pooja, Sharma, Deepti, Kumar, Prashant and Jain, Suresh (2020) Assessment of clean cooking technologies under different fuel use conditions in rural areas of Northern India Chemosphere, 257, 127315.

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Abstract

The study was conducted to assess the performance of improved and traditional cookstoves using wood as a fuel and three combinations of other fuel mixes – (i) wood and cow dung, (ii) wood and mustard stalks, and (iii) cow dung and mustard stalks). Energy and emission parameters such as specific energy consumption (SEC), emission factors (EFs) of carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter (PM) and black carbon (BC) were used to compare four different types of cookstoves. These included top-feed forced draft (TF-FD), top-feed natural draft (TF-ND), front-feed natural draft (FF-ND) and front-feed traditional (FF-TR) cookstoves. Controlled cooking test (CCT) was used as the test protocol. The results showed the performance of improved cookstove technologies can vary based on the fuel used for cooking. It was observed that emission factors for PM and CO increased by 67–96% and 45–90% respectively when all three improved cookstoves were tested with three fuel combinations against wood as cooking fuel. Among the tested cookstoves, a marked difference was observed between performance of forced draft and natural draft cookstoves. Forced draft cookstoves emitted higher amount of all pollutant emissions compared to natural draft cookstoves when used with mustard stalks in combination with either wood or cowdung. The results are of critical importance given that forced draft cookstoves have been promoted in geographical regions where fuel mix use is prevalent. Therefore, forced draft cookstove might not be the right choice when the goal is climate mitigation and reduction in impact on human health. It is imperative to study comprehensively the influence of various field variables on performance of cookstoves, which have severe implications on the performance of cookstoves.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Arora, Pooja
Sharma, Deepti
Kumar, PrashantP.Kumar@surrey.ac.uk
Jain, Suresh
Date : October 2020
Funders : Commonwealth Scholarship Commission in the UK
DOI : 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127315
Grant Title : Commonwealth Professional Fellowship
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 16 Jun 2020 11:40
Last Modified : 16 Jun 2020 11:40
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857993

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