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Relationship between Napping and Melatonin in the Blind

Lockley, S.W., Skene, D.J., Tabandeh, H., Bird, A.C., Defrance, R. and Arendt, J. (1997) Relationship between Napping and Melatonin in the Blind Journal of Biological Rhythms, 12 (1). pp. 16-25.

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Abstract

Daytime sleepiness is a common complaint in blind subjects. Abnormally timed melatonin has been invoked as a possible cause of both daytime sleepiness and nighttime awakening. In free-running blind individuals, there is an opportunity to assess the relationship between endogenous melatonin rhythms and subjective sleepiness and naps. The aim of this study was to characterize melatonin rhythms and simultaneously to evaluate subjective napping. A total of 15 subjects with no conscious light perception (NPL) were studied for 1 month. Prior to the shady, sleep disorders were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Cosinor and regression analysis revealed that 9 of the 15 NPL subjects had free-running 6-sulphatoxymelatonin (aMT6s) rhythms (period [�] range = 24.34 to 24.79 h), 3 were entrained with an abnormal phase, and 3 were normally entrained. Most of the subjects (13 of 15) had daytime naps; the 2 individuals who did not made conscious efforts not to do so. Subjects with abnormal aMT6s rhythms had more naps of a longer duration than did those with normal rhythms. Free-running nap rhythms occurred only in subjects with free-running aMT6s rhythms. The 2 abnormally entrained subjects who napped did so at times that coincided with high levels of aMT6s (mean aMT6s acrophase [phi] ± SD = 14.30 ± 1.08 h, 20.30 ± 0.62 h; mean nap time ± SD = 14.01 ± 3.60 h, 18.23 ± 3.20 h, respectively). Regardless of aMT6s rhythm abnormality, significantly more naps occurred within a 4-h period before and after the estimated aMT6s acrophase. In 4 free-running subjects, aMT6s acrophase (phi) passed through an entire 24-h period. When aMT6s was in a normal phase position (24:00 to 06:00 h), night-sleep duration tended to increase with a significant reduction in the number and duration of naps. Sleep onset and offset times tended to advance and delay as the aMT6s rhythms advanced and delayed. Our results show a striking relationship between the timing of daytime production of melatonin and the timing of daytime naps. This suggests that abnormally timed endogenous melatonin may induce sleepiness in blind subjects.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
Skene, D.J.
Tabandeh, H.
Bird, A.C.
Defrance, R.
Arendt, J.
Date : 1997
DOI : 10.1177/074873049701200104
Uncontrolled Keywords : 6-sulphatoxymelatonin, Blindness, Circadian rhythms, Human, Light perception, Melatonin, Napping, Sleep, 6 hydroxymelatonin o sulfate, 6-sulfatoxymelatonin, drug derivative, melatonin, adult, aged, aging, article, blindness, circadian rhythm, clinical trial, female, human, male, metabolism, middle aged, pathophysiology, physiology, sleep, Adult, Aged, Aging, Blindness, Circadian Rhythm, Female, Humans, Male, Melatonin, Middle Aged, Sleep
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 02:05
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 02:05
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857965

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