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Effects of health care provider work hours and sleep deprivation on safety and performance

Lockley, S.W., Barger, L.K., Ayas, N.T., Rothschild, J.M., Czeisler, C.A. and Landrigan, C.P. (2007) Effects of health care provider work hours and sleep deprivation on safety and performance Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 33 (11 SUP). pp. 7-18.

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Abstract

Background: There has been increasing interest in the impact of resident-physician and nurse work hours on patient safety. The evidence demonstrates that work schedules have a profound effect on providers' sleep and performance, as well as on their safety and that of their patients. Nurses working shifts greater than 12.5 hours are at significantly increased risk of experiencing decreased vigilance on the job, suffering an occupational injury, or making a medical error. Physicians-in-training working traditional > 24-hour on-call shifts are at greatly increased risk of experiencing an occupational sharps injury or a motor vehicle crash on the drive home from work and of making a serious or even fatal medical error. As compared to when working 16-hours shifts, on-call residents have twice as many attentional failures when working overnight and commit 36% more serious medical errors. They also report making 300% more fatigue-related medical errors that lead to a patient's death. Conclusion: The weight of evidence strongly suggests that extended-duration work shifts significantly increase fatigue and impair performance and safety. From the standpoint of both providers and patients, the hours routinely worked by health care providers in the United States are unsafe. To reduce the unacceptably high rate of preventable fatigue-related medical error and injuries among health care workers, the United States must establish and enforce safe work-hour limits.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
Barger, L.K.
Ayas, N.T.
Rothschild, J.M.
Czeisler, C.A.
Landrigan, C.P.
Date : 2007
DOI : 10.1016/S1553-7250(07)33109-7
Uncontrolled Keywords : article, cognition, fatigue, health care quality, hospital management, human, medical education, medical error, nurse, organization and management, personnel management, policy, risk management, sleep deprivation, statistics, traffic accident, work schedule, Accidents, Traffic, Cognition, Fatigue, Hospital Administration, Humans, Internship and Residency, Medical Errors, Nurses, Organizational Policy, Personnel Staffing and Scheduling, Quality of Health Care, Risk Management, Sleep Deprivation, Work Schedule Tolerance
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 01:53
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 01:53
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857939

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