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Effect of light perception on menarche in blind women

Flynn-Evans, E.E., Stevens, R.G., Tabandeh, H., Schernhammer, E.S. and Lockley, S.W. (2009) Effect of light perception on menarche in blind women Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 16 (4). pp. 243-248.

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Abstract

Purpose: The role of light on human reproductive development is unclear. Women with varying degrees of visual impairment appear to have altered reproductive function compared to sighted women. These differences have been attributed in part to differences in light exposure between the sighted and the blind. The present study was conducted to determine whether differences exist in reproductive measures among blind women with at least light perception (LP) compared to women with no perception of light (NPL). Methods: We studied 1,392 (LP, n 968; NPL, n = 417; unreported, n = 7) blind women across North America between 2005 and 2007. Statistical analysis was conducted using Student's two-sample t tests and multivariate logistic or linear regression. Models were adjusted for current age, body mass index (BMI) and BMI at age 18. Results: NPL women reported an earlier menarche (mean age, 12.16, standard deviation ± 1.53) than LP women (mean age, 12.46, ± 1.57 yrs). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for each increasing year of menarche among NPL women compared to LP women, was 0.88 (95 confidence intervals [CI]: 0.810.96). When those women NPL from birth were compared to all others, the adjusted odds ratio was strengthened (OR: 0.80, 95 CI: 0.680.94). When we examined the association between age at onset of NPL and age at menarche, we found a significant positive association with earlier menarche being associated with an earlier age category of loss of light perception (test for trend p < 0.01). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that lack of light perception affects reproductive development in women. © 2009 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Flynn-Evans, E.E.
Stevens, R.G.
Tabandeh, H.
Schernhammer, E.S.
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 2009
DOI : 10.1080/09286580902863056
Uncontrolled Keywords : Blindness, Circadian, Light, Menarche, Puberty, Visual impairment, adult, aged, article, blindness, body mass, confidence interval, controlled study, correlation analysis, female, glaucoma, human, light, light exposure, linear regression analysis, major clinical study, menarche, menopause, multivariate logistic regression analysis, onset age, optic nerve atrophy, perception, priority journal, reproduction, retina macula degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa, retrolental fibroplasia, risk, statistical analysis, Student t test
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 01:49
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 01:49
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857924

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