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Temporal dynamics of ocular indicators of sleepiness across sleep restriction

Ftouni, S., Rahman, S.A., Crowley, K.E., Anderson, C., Rajaratnam, S.M.W. and Lockley, S.W. (2013) Temporal dynamics of ocular indicators of sleepiness across sleep restriction Journal of Biological Rhythms, 28 (6). pp. 412-424.

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Abstract

The current study characterized the temporal dynamics of ocular indicators of sleepiness during extended sleep restriction. Ten male participants (mean age ± SD = 23.3 ± 1.6 years) underwent 40 h of continuous wakefulness under constant routine (CR) conditions; they completed the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS) and a 10-min auditory psychomotor vigilance task (aPVT) hourly. Waking electroencephalography (EEG) and ocular measures were recorded continuously throughout the CR. Infrared-reflectance oculography was used to collect the ocular measures positive and negative amplitude-velocity ratio, mean blink duration, the percentage of eye closure, and a composite score of sleepiness levels (Johns Drowsiness Scale). All ocular measures, except blink duration, displayed homeostatic and circadian properties. Only circadian effects were detected in blink duration. Significant, phase-locked cross-correlations (p < 0.05) were detected between ocular measures and aPVT reaction time (RT), aPVT lapses, KSS, and EEG delta-theta (0.5-5.5 Hz), theta-alpha (5.0-9.0 Hz), and beta (13.0-20.0 Hz) activity. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated reasonable sensitivity and specificity of ocular measures in correctly classifying aPVT lapses above individual baseline thresholds (initial 16 h of wakefulness). Under conditions of sleep restriction, ocular indicators of sleepiness paralleled performance impairment and self-rated sleepiness levels, and demonstrated their potential to detect sleepiness-related attentional lapses. These findings, if reproduced in a larger sample, will have implications for the use of ocular-based sleepiness-warning systems in operational settings. © 2013 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ftouni, S.
Rahman, S.A.
Crowley, K.E.
Anderson, C.
Rajaratnam, S.M.W.
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 2013
DOI : 10.1177/0748730413512257
Uncontrolled Keywords : circadian rhythms, constant routine, electroencephalography, ocular measures, oculography, performance, sleep deprivation, adult, article, blinking, circadian rhythm, circadian rhythms, constant routine, controlled clinical trial, controlled study, electroencephalography, eyelid, human, male, ocular measures, oculography, pathophysiology, performance, physiology, psychomotor performance, randomized controlled trial, reaction time, self report, sleep, sleep deprivation, sleep stage, wakefulness, young adult, circadian rhythms, constant routine, electroencephalography, ocular measures, oculography, performance, sleep deprivation, Adult, Blinking, Circadian Rhythm, Electroencephalography, Eye Movement Measurements, Eyelids, Humans, Male, Psychomotor Performance, Reaction Time, Self Report, Sleep, Sleep Deprivation, Sleep Stages, Wakefulness, Young Adult
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 01:26
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 01:26
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857884

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