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Associations between number of consecutive night shifts and impairment of neurobehavioral performance during a subsequent simulated night shift

Magee, M., Sletten, T.L., Ferguson, S.A., Grunstein, R.R., Anderson, C., Kennaway, D.J., Lockley, S.W. and Rajaratnam, S.M.W. (2016) Associations between number of consecutive night shifts and impairment of neurobehavioral performance during a subsequent simulated night shift Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 42 (3). pp. 217-227.

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Abstract

Objective This study aimed to investigate sleep and circadian phase in the relationships between neurobehavioral performance and the number of consecutive shifts worked. Methods Thirty-four shift workers [20 men, mean age 31.8 (SD 10.9) years] worked 2�7 consecutive night shifts immediately prior to a laboratory-based, simulated night shift. For 7 days prior, participants worked their usual shift sequence, and sleep was assessed with logs and actigraphy. Participants completed a 10-minute auditory psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) at the start (~21:00 hours) and end (~07:00 hours) of the simulated night shift. Mean reaction times (RT), number of lapses and RT distribution was compared between those who worked 2�3 consecutive night shifts versus those who worked 4�7 shifts. Results Following 4�7 shifts, night shift workers had significantly longer mean RT at the start and end of shift, compared to those who worked 2�3 shifts. The slowest and fastest 10% RT were significantly slower at the start, but not end, of shift among participants who worked 4�7 nights. Those working 4�7 nights also demonstrated a broader RT distribution at the start and end of shift and had significantly slower RT based on cumulative distribution analysis (5th, 25th, 50th, 75th percentiles at the start of shift; 75th percentile at the end of shift). No group differences in sleep parameters were found for 7 days and 24 hours prior to the simulated night shift. Conclusion A greater number of consecutive night shifts has a negative impact on neurobehavioral performance, likely due to cognitive slowing. © 2016, Nordic Association of Occupational Safety and Health. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Magee, M.
Sletten, T.L.
Ferguson, S.A.
Grunstein, R.R.
Anderson, C.
Kennaway, D.J.
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
Rajaratnam, S.M.W.
Date : 2016
DOI : 10.5271/sjweh.3560
Uncontrolled Keywords : Circadian phase, Circadian rhythm, Shift work, Shift worker, Sleep, Sustained attention, actimetry, adult, article, attention, circadian rhythm, clinical article, controlled study, human, human experiment, male, night shift worker, psychomotor vigilance task, reaction time, simulation, sleep parameters, female, occupation, physiology, psychology, psychomotor performance, questionnaire, sleep, statistics and numerical data, time factor, work schedule, Adult, Circadian Rhythm, Female, Humans, Male, Occupations, Psychomotor Performance, Reaction Time, Sleep, Surveys and Questionnaires, Time Factors, Work Schedule Tolerance
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 01:16
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 01:16
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857864

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