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Daytime exposure to short- and medium-wavelength light did not improve alertness and neurobehavioral performance

Segal, A.Y., Sletten, T.L., Flynn-Evans, E.E., Lockley, S.W. and Rajaratnam, S.M.W. (2016) Daytime exposure to short- and medium-wavelength light did not improve alertness and neurobehavioral performance Journal of Biological Rhythms, 31 (5). pp. 470-482.

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Abstract

While previous studies have demonstrated short-wavelength sensitivity to the acute alerting effects of light during the biological night, fewer studies have assessed the alerting effect of light during the daytime. This study assessed the wavelength-dependent sensitivity of the acute alerting effects of daytime light exposure following chronic sleep restriction in 60 young adults (29 men, 31 women; 22.5 ± 3.1 mean ± SD years). Participants were restricted to 5 h time in bed the night before laboratory admission and 3 h time in bed in the laboratory, aligned by wake time. Participants were randomized for exposure to 3 h total of either narrowband blue (λmax 458-480 nm, n = 23) or green light (λmax 551-555 nm, n = 25) of equal photon densities (2.8-8.4 � 1013 photons/cm2/sec), beginning 3.25 h after waking, and compared with a darkness control (0 lux, n = 12). Subjective sleepiness (Karolinska Sleepiness Scale), sustained attention (auditory Psychomotor Vigilance Task), mood (Profile of Mood States Bi-Polar form), working memory (2-back task), selective attention (Stroop task), and polysomnographic and ocular sleepiness measures (Optalert) were assessed prior to, during, and after light exposure. We found no significant effect of light wavelength on these measures, with the exception of a single mood subscale. Further research is needed to optimize the characteristics of lighting systems to induce alerting effects during the daytime, taking into account potential interactions between homeostatic sleep pressure, circadian phase, and light responsiveness. © SAGE Publications.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Segal, A.Y.
Sletten, T.L.
Flynn-Evans, E.E.
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
Rajaratnam, S.M.W.
Date : 2016
DOI : 10.1177/0748730416659953
Uncontrolled Keywords : alertness, cognition, light, performance, wavelength, adolescent, adult, affect, attention, circadian rhythm, cognition, darkness, electroencephalography, female, human, light, male, psychomotor performance, sleep stage, vision, young adult, Adolescent, Adult, Affect, Attention, Circadian Rhythm, Cognition, Darkness, Electroencephalography, Female, Humans, Light, Male, Psychomotor Performance, Sleep Stages, Vision, Ocular, Young Adult
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 01:07
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 01:07
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857854

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