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Using a Single Daytime Performance Test to Identify Most Individuals at High-Risk for Performance Impairment during Extended Wake

St. Hilaire, M.A., Kristal, B.S., Rahman, S.A., Sullivan, J.P., Quackenbush, J., Duffy, J.F., Barger, L.K., Gooley, J.J., Czeisler, C.A. and Lockley, S.W. (2019) Using a Single Daytime Performance Test to Identify Most Individuals at High-Risk for Performance Impairment during Extended Wake Scientific Reports, 9 (1).

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Abstract

We explored the predictive value of a neurobehavioral performance assessment under rested baseline conditions (evaluated at 8 hours awake following 8 hours of sleep) on neurobehavioral response to moderate sleep loss (evaluated at 20 hours awake two days later) in 151 healthy young participants (18�30 years). We defined each participant�s response-to-sleep-loss phenotype based on the number of attentional failures on a 10-min visual psychomotor vigilance task taken at 20 hours awake (resilient: less than 6 attentional failures, n = 26 participants; non-resilient: 6 or more attentional failures, n = 125 participants). We observed that 97% of rested participants with 2 or more attentional failures (n = 73 of 151) and 100% of rested participants with 3 or more attentional failures (n = 57 of 151) were non-resilient after moderate sleep loss. Our approach can accurately identify a significant proportion of individuals who are at high risk for neurobehavioral performance impairment from staying up late with a single neurobehavioral performance assessment conducted during rested conditions. Additional methods are needed to predict the future performance of individuals who are not identified as high risk during baseline. © 2019, The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
St. Hilaire, M.A.
Kristal, B.S.
Rahman, S.A.
Sullivan, J.P.
Quackenbush, J.
Duffy, J.F.
Barger, L.K.
Gooley, J.J.
Czeisler, C.A.
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 2019
DOI : 10.1038/s41598-019-52930-y
Uncontrolled Keywords : adult, article, controlled study, female, human, human experiment, major clinical study, male, performance, phenotype, predictive value, psychomotor vigilance task, risk assessment, wakefulness
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 00:36
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 00:36
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857811

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