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Associations between shift work characteristics, shift work schedules, sleep and burnout in North American police officers: A cross-sectional study

Peterson, S.A., Wolkow, A.P., Lockley, S.W., O'Brien, C.S., Qadri, S., Sullivan, J.P., Czeisler, C.A., Rajaratnam, S.M.W. and Barger, L.K. (2019) Associations between shift work characteristics, shift work schedules, sleep and burnout in North American police officers: A cross-sectional study BMJ Open, 9 (11).

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Abstract

Objectives To examine associations between shift work characteristics and schedules on burnout in police and whether sleep duration and sleepiness were associated with burnout. Methods Police officers (n=3140) completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory (emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, personal accomplishment) and self-reported shift schedules (irregular, rotating, fixed), shift characteristics (night, duration, frequency, work hours), sleep duration and sleepiness. Results Irregular schedules, long shifts (�11 hours), mandatory overtime, short sleep and sleepiness were associated with increased risk of overall burnout in police. Police working a greater frequency of long shifts were more likely to have emotional exhaustion (adjusted OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.35 to 2.72) than those not working long shifts. Night shifts were associated with depersonalisation (1.32, 1.05 to 1.66) compared with not working nights. Police working mandatory overtime had increased risk of emotional exhaustion (1.37, 1.14 to 1.65) than those who did not. Compared with fixed schedules, irregular schedules were associated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation (1.91, 1.44 to 2.54 and 1.39, 1.02 to 1.89, respectively). Police sleeping <6 hours were more likely to have emotional exhaustion (1.60, 1.33 to 1.93) than those sleeping longer, and excessive sleepiness was associated with emotional exhaustion (1.81, 1.50 to 2.18). Conclusions Irregular schedules and increased night shifts, sleep disturbances and work hours were related to higher burnout risk in police. Future research should evaluate work schedules in law enforcement that optimise shift duration and frequency, and increase consistency in scheduling and control over work hours to limit burnout in police. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Peterson, S.A.
Wolkow, A.P.
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
O'Brien, C.S.
Qadri, S.
Sullivan, J.P.
Czeisler, C.A.
Rajaratnam, S.M.W.
Barger, L.K.
Date : 2019
DOI : 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030302
Uncontrolled Keywords : burnout, mental health, police, shift work, sleep, adult, Article, burnout, cross-sectional study, depersonalization, emotional stress, female, human, major clinical study, male, night shift, North American, obesity, police, sex difference, shift schedule, shift work, sleep disorder, sleep time, somnolence
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 00:38
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 00:38
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857807

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