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Characterizing the temporal Dynamics of Melatonin and Cortisol Changes in Response to Nocturnal Light Exposure

Rahman, S.A., Wright, K.P., Lockley, S.W., Czeisler, C.A. and Gronfier, C. (2019) Characterizing the temporal Dynamics of Melatonin and Cortisol Changes in Response to Nocturnal Light Exposure Scientific Reports, 9 (1).

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Abstract

We studied the dynamics of melatonin suppression and changes in cortisol levels in humans in response to light exposure at night using high-frequency blood sampling. Twenty-one young healthy participants were randomized to receive either intermittent bright (~9,500 lux) light (IBL), continuous bright light (CBL) or continuous dim (~1 lux) light (VDL) for 6.5 h during the biological night (n = 7 per condition). Melatonin suppression occurred rapidly within the first 5 min and continued until the end of each IBL stimuli (t1/2 = ~13 min). Melatonin recovery occurred more slowly between IBL stimuli (half-maximal recovery rate of ~46 min). Mean melatonin suppression (~40%) and recovery (~50%) were similar across IBL stimuli. Suppression dynamics under CBL were also rapid (t1/2 = ~18 min), with no recovery until the light exposure ended. There was a significant linear increase of cortisol levels between the start and end of each IBL stimulus. Under CBL conditions cortisol showed trimodal changes with an initial linear activating phase, followed by an exponential inhibitory phase, and a final exponential recovery phase. These results show that light exposure at night affects circadian driven hormones differently and that outcomes are influenced by the duration and pattern of light exposure. © 2019, The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Rahman, S.A.
Wright, K.P.
Lockley, S.W.s.lockley@surrey.ac.uk
Czeisler, C.A.
Gronfier, C.
Date : 2019
DOI : 10.1038/s41598-019-54806-7
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jun 2020 00:33
Last Modified : 17 Jun 2020 00:33
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857803

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