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Quantifying the impact of particle matter on mortality and hospitalizations in four Brazilian metropolitan areas

Andreão, Willian Lemker, Pinto, Janaina Antonino, Pedruzzi, Rizzieri, Kumar, Prashant and Albuquerque, Taciana Toledo de Almeida (2020) Quantifying the impact of particle matter on mortality and hospitalizations in four Brazilian metropolitan areas Journal of Environmental Management, 270, 110840.

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Abstract

Air quality management involves investigating areas where pollutant concentrations are above guideline or standard values to minimize its effect on human health. Particulate matter (PM) is one of the most studied pollutants, and its relationship with health has been widely outlined. To guide the construction and improvement of air quality policies, the impact of PM on the four Brazilian southeast metropolitan areas was investigated. One-year long modeling of PM10 and PM2.5 was performed with the WRF-Chem model for 2015 to quantify daily and annual PM concentrations in 102 cities. Avoidable mortality due to diverse causes and morbidity due to respiratory and circular system diseases were estimated concerning WHO guidelines, which was adopted in Brazil as a final standard to be reached in the future; although there is no deadline set for its implementation yet. Results showed satisfactory representation of meteorology and ambient PM concentrations. An overestimation in PM concentrations for some monitoring stations was observed, mainly in São Paulo metropolitan area. Cities around capitals with high modelled annual PM2.5 concentrations do not monitor this pollutant. The total avoidable deaths estimated for the region, related to PM2.5, were 32,000±5,300 due to all-cause mortality, between 16,000±2,100 and 51,000±3,000 due non-accidental causes, between 7,300±1,300 and 16,700±1,500 due to cardiovascular disease, between 4,750±900 and 10,950±870 due ischemic heart diseases and 1,220±330 avoidable deaths due to lung cancer. Avoidable respiratory hospitalizations were greater for PM2.5 among ‘children’ age group than for PM10 (all age group) except in São Paulo metropolitan area. For circulatory system diseases, 9,840±3,950 avoidable hospitalizations in the elderly related to a decrease in PM2.5 concentrations were estimated. This study endorses that more restrictive air quality standards, human exposure, and health effects are essential factors to consider in urban air quality management.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Andreão, Willian Lemker
Pinto, Janaina Antonino
Pedruzzi, Rizzieri
Kumar, PrashantP.Kumar@surrey.ac.uk
Albuquerque, Taciana Toledo de Almeida
Date : 15 September 2020
Funders : Research England, University of Surrey
DOI : 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110840
Grant Title : Clean Air Engineering for Cities (CArE-Cities)
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 12 Jun 2020 11:36
Last Modified : 12 Jun 2020 11:36
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857792

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