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Advances in the Direct Study of Carbon Burning in Massive Stars

Fruet, G., Courtin, S., Heine, M., Jenkins, D. G., Adsley, P., Brown, A., Canavan, R., Catford, W. N., Charon, E., Curien, D. , Della Negra, S., Duprat, J., Hammache, F., Lesrel, J., Lotay, G., Meyer, A., Montanari, D., Morris, L., Moukaddam, M., Nippert, J., Podolyak, Zs., Regan, P. H., Ribaud, I., Richer, M., Rudigier, M., Shearman, R., de Séréville, N. and Stodel, C. (2020) Advances in the Direct Study of Carbon Burning in Massive Stars Physical Review Letters, 124, 192701.

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The 12C + 12C fusion reaction plays a critical role in the evolution of massive stars and also strongly impacts various explosive astrophysical scenarios. The presence of resonances in this reaction at energies around and below the Coulomb barrier makes it impossible to carry out a simple extrapolation down to the Gamow window—the energy regime relevant to carbon burning in massive stars. The 12C + 12C system forms a unique laboratory for challenging the contemporary picture of deep sub-barrier fusion (possible sub-barrier hindrance) and its interplay with nuclear structure (sub-barrier resonances). Here, we show that direct measurements of the 12C + 12C fusion cross section may be made into the Gamow window using an advanced particle-gamma coincidence technique. The sensitivity of this technique effectively removes ambiguities in existing measurements made with gamma ray or charged-particle detection alone. The present cross-section data span over 8 orders of magnitude and support the fusion-hindrance model at deep sub-barrier energies.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
Fruet, G.
Courtin, S.
Heine, M.
Jenkins, D. G.
Adsley, P.
Brown, A.
Catford, W.
Charon, E.
Curien, D.
Della Negra, S.
Duprat, J.
Hammache, F.
Lesrel, J.
Meyer, A.
Montanari, D.
Morris, L.
Nippert, J.
Regan, P.
Ribaud, I.
Richer, M.
de Séréville, N.
Stodel, C.
Date : 12 May 2020
Funders : Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), UK Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.192701
Copyright Disclaimer : Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 12 Jun 2020 09:23
Last Modified : 12 Jun 2020 09:23

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