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Improving Risk Assessments by Sanitary Inspection for Small Drinking-Water Supplies — Qualitative Evidence

Pond, Katherine, King, Richard, Herschan, Jo, Malcolm, Rosalind, McKeown, Rory Moses and Schmoll, Oliver (2020) Improving Risk Assessments by Sanitary Inspection for Small Drinking-Water Supplies — Qualitative Evidence Resources, 9 (6), 71.

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Abstract

Small drinking-water supplies face particular challenges in terms of their management. Being vulnerable to contamination but often not monitored regularly nor well-maintained, small drinking-water supplies may pose consequences for health of users. Sanitary inspection (SI) is a risk assessment tool to identify and manage observable conditions of the water supply technology or circumstances in the catchment area that may favour certain hazardous events and introduce hazards which may become a risk to health. This qualitative research aimed to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the SI tool as published by the World Health Organisation to inform a review and update of the forms and to improve their robustness. The study identified a number of benefits of the approach, such as its simplicity and ease of use. Challenges were also identified, such as potential for inconsistencies in perception of risk between inspectors, in interpreting questions, and lack of follow-up action. The authors recommend a revision of the existing SI forms to address the identified challenges and development of complementary advice on possible remedial action to address identified risk factors and on basic operations and maintenance.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Law
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Pond, KatherineK.Pond@surrey.ac.uk
King, Richardr.a.king@surrey.ac.uk
Herschan, Joj.herschan@surrey.ac.uk
Malcolm, RosalindR.Malcolm@surrey.ac.uk
McKeown, Rory Moses
Schmoll, Oliver
Date : 8 June 2020
Funders : World Health Organisation
DOI : 10.3390/resources9060071
Copyright Disclaimer : This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Uncontrolled Keywords : drinking-water quality; risk assessment; risk management; microbial contamination; sanitary inspection; small water supply
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 11 Jun 2020 10:08
Last Modified : 11 Jun 2020 10:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857777

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