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Associations Between Marital Discord and Depressive Symptoms: A Cross-Cultural Analysis

Salinger, J., Whisman, M.A., Randall, A.K. and Hilpert, P. (2020) Associations Between Marital Discord and Depressive Symptoms: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Family Process.

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to investigate actor and partner effects of the association between marital discord and depressive symptoms in a cross-cultural sample of 4,779 couples from 11 European countries that were divided into 3 groups (i.e., Northern, Central, Southern Europe), and evaluate the potential gender and cross-cultural invariance of this association. Actor-partner interdependence models were used to analyze the cross-sectional associations between self-reported perceived marital conflict and depressive symptoms. Marital conflict was significantly and positively associated with self-reported depressive symptoms for husbands and wives (actor effects), as well as with partner-reported depressive symptoms (partner effects). Pooling across cultural groups, no significant difference in the magnitude of actor or partner effects based on gender were found. The magnitude of the positive actor association varied across cultural groupings only for women: a significantly weaker association existed for women residing in North Europe relative to women in Central or Southern Europe. These results suggest that marital discord is a reliable correlate of depressive symptoms for European couples, and that the magnitude of the positive association varies by culture for women. Should these results be replicated longitudinally, couple-based interventions may be indicated to reduce marital discord and prevent and treat depression for discordant couples in Europe.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Salinger, J.
Whisman, M.A.
Randall, A.K.
Hilpert, P.p.hilpert@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 2020
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Marital discord; Marital satisfaction; Depression; Marriage; Cross-cultural; Cross-national
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 01 Jun 2020 15:19
Last Modified : 02 Jun 2020 12:41
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/857022

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