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Covid-19 and acute kidney injury in hospital: summary of NICE guidelines

Selby, Nicholas M., Forni, Lui, Laing, Christopher M., Horne, Kerry L., Evans, Rhys DR, Lucas, Bethany J. and Fluck, Richard J. (2020) Covid-19 and acute kidney injury in hospital: summary of NICE guidelines British Medical Journal, 369.

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Acute kidney injury (AKI), a sudden reduction in kidney function, is seen in some people with covid-19 infection. A subset of patients develop severe AKI and require renal replacement therapy (RRT). As in many settings, the development of AKI is associated with an increased risk of mortality.1 2 Although our understanding is incomplete, a picture is emerging from case reports and autopsy series of covid-19 specific causes of AKI. Intrinsic renal pathology including thrombotic vascular processes, viral mediated tubular cell injury, and glomerulonephritis have been reported, as well as AKI resulting from extrinsic factors such as fluid depletion, multi-organ failure, and rhabdomyolysis.3-7 Anecdotal reports have emerged of proximal tubular injury with Fanconi syndrome that manifests as hypokalaemia, hypophosphataemia, normal anion gap metabolic acidosis, and hypovolaemia from salt wasting. Importantly, AKI can occur at all stages of covid-19 infection, so clinical vigilance and consideration of risk factors for AKI alongside early detection and diagnosis are essential components of general supportive care. Fluid management is central to this. This article summarises key points from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) covid-19 rapid guideline on AKI in hospital.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine > Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Authors :
Selby, Nicholas M.
Laing, Christopher M.
Horne, Kerry L.
Evans, Rhys DR
Lucas, Bethany J.
Fluck, Richard J.
Date : 26 May 2020
DOI : 10.1136/bmj.m1963
Copyright Disclaimer : For personal use only: See rights and reprints
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 29 May 2020 09:50
Last Modified : 29 May 2020 09:50

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