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Shape evolution of neutron-rich 106,108,110Mo isotopes in the triaxial degree of freedom

Ha, J., Sumikama, T., Browne, F., Hinohara, N., Bruce, A. M., Choi, S., Nishizuka, I., Nishimura, S., Doornenbal, P., Lorusso, G. , Söderström, P.-A., Watanabe, H., Daido, R., Patel, Z., Rice, S., Sinclair, L., Wu, J., Xu, Z. Y., Yagi, A., Baba, H., Chiga, N., Carroll, R., Didierjean, F., Fang, Y., Fukuda, N., Gey, G., Ideguchi, E., Inabe, N., Isobe, T., Kameda, D., Kojouharov, I., Kurz, N., Kubo, T., Lalkovski, S., Li, Z., Lozeva, R., Nishibata, H., Odahara, A., Podolyak, Zs., Regan, P. H., Roberts, O. J., Sakurai, H., Schaffner, H., Simpson, G. S., Suzuki, H., Takeda, H., Tanaka, M., Taprogge, J., Werner, V. and Wieland, O. (2020) Shape evolution of neutron-rich 106,108,110Mo isotopes in the triaxial degree of freedom Physical Review C, 101 (4), 044311.

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Abstract

Background: Neutron-rich nuclei with mass number between 100 and 110 attract much attention, since several kinds of shapes, such as spherical, prolate, oblate, and triaxial shapes, are predicted. In particular, for neutron-rich Mo isotopes, different models predict different magnitudes and rigidity of triaxial deformation. Previous interpretations of experimental results based solely on low-lying 2+2 states are insufficient to distinguish between the rigid triaxial shape, γ vibration, or γ -soft rotor.

Purpose: The shape evolution of 106Mo, 108Mo, and 110Mo is investigated through their 2+1-state lifetimes, decay-branching ratios of the 2+2 state, and energies of the low-lying collective excited states with Kπ = 0+, 2+, and 4+.

Method: β -delayed γ -ray spectroscopy was employed for neutron-rich Nb and Zr isotopes produced at the RIKEN RI Beam Factory to populate excited states in 106Mo , 108Mo , and 110Mo . The EUroball-RIKEN Cluster Array was used for high-resolution γ -ray detection and lifetimes of the 2+1 states were determined using the UK fast-timing array of LaBr3(Ce) detectors.

Results: New γ -ray transitions and levels are reported, including newly assigned 0+2 states in 108,110Mo . Quadrupole deformations were obtained for 106,108,110Mo from their 2+1 energies and lifetimes. The β -delayed neutron-emission probabilities of 108 Nb and 110 Nb were determined by examining the γ rays of their respective daughter decays.

Conclusions: The even-odd energy staggering in the 2+2 band was compared with typical patterns of the γ -vibrational band, rigid triaxial rotor, and γ -soft rotor. The very small even-odd staggering of 106 Mo, 108Mo, and 110Mo favors a γ -vibrational band assignment. The kinematic moment of inertia for the 2+2 band showed a trend similar to the ground-state band, which is as expected for the γ -vibrational band. Beyond-mean-field calculations employing the constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov and local quasiparticle-random-phase approximation method using the SLy 5 + T interaction reproduced the ground and 2+2 bands in 106Mo and 108Mo . The collective wave functions are consistent with the interpretation of the 2+2 band as the γ -vibrational band of the prolate shape. However, the staggering pattern observed in 110Mo differs from the one suggested in the calculations which predict a γ -soft rotor. There was no experimental indication of the oblate shape or the γ -soft rotor predicted in these Mo isotopes.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ha, J.
Sumikama, T.
Browne, F.
Hinohara, N.
Bruce, A. M.
Choi, S.
Nishizuka, I.
Nishimura, S.
Doornenbal, P.
Lorusso, G.
Söderström, P.-A.
Watanabe, H.
Daido, R.
Patel, Z.
Rice, S.
Sinclair, L.
Wu, J.
Xu, Z. Y.
Yagi, A.
Baba, H.
Chiga, N.
Carroll, R.
Didierjean, F.
Fang, Y.
Fukuda, N.
Gey, G.
Ideguchi, E.
Inabe, N.
Isobe, T.
Kameda, D.
Kojouharov, I.
Kurz, N.
Kubo, T.
Lalkovski, S.
Li, Z.
Lozeva, R.
Nishibata, H.
Odahara, A.
Podolyak, Zs.Z.Podolyak@surrey.ac.uk
Regan, P. H.P.Regan@surrey.ac.uk
Roberts, O. J.
Sakurai, H.
Schaffner, H.
Simpson, G. S.
Suzuki, H.
Takeda, H.
Tanaka, M.
Taprogge, J.
Werner, V.
Wieland, O.
Date : 20 April 2020
Funders : Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevC.101.044311
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020 American Physical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords : Beta decay; Collective levels; Nuclear structure & decays; Nucleon distribution
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 26 May 2020 15:19
Last Modified : 26 May 2020 15:19
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/856980

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