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Towards an operationalisation of nature-based solutions for natural hazards

Kumar, Prashant, Debele, Sisay E., Sahani, Jeetendra, Aragão, Leonardo, Barisani, Francesca, Basu, Bidroha, Bucchignani, Edoardo, Charizopoulos, Nikos, Di Sabatino, Silvana, Domeneghetti, Alessio , Edo, Albert Sorolla, Finér, Leena, Gallotti, Glauco, Juch, Sanne, Leo, Laura S., Loupis, Michael, Mickovski, Slobodan B., Panga, Depy, Pavlova, Irina, Pilla, Francesco, Prats, Adrian Löchner, Renaud, Fabrice G., Rutzinger, Martin, Basu, Arunima Sarkar, Shah, Mohammad Aminur Rahman, Soini, Katriina, Stefanopoulou, Maria, Toth, Elena, Ukonmaanaho, Liisa, Vranic, Sasa and Zieher, Thomas (2020) Towards an operationalisation of nature-based solutions for natural hazards Science of The Total Environment, 731, 138855.

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Abstract

Nature-based solutions (NBS) are being promoted as adaptive measures against predicted increasing hydrometeorological hazards (HMHs), such as heatwaves and floods which have already caused significant loss of life and economic damage across the globe. However, the underpinning factors such as policy framework, end-users' interests and participation for NBS design and operationalisation are yet to be established. We discuss the operationalisation and implementation processes of NBS by means of a novel concept of Open-Air Laboratories (OAL) for its wider acceptance. The design and implementation of environmentally, economically, technically and socio-culturally sustainable NBS require inter- and transdisciplinary approaches which could be achieved by fostering co-creation processes by engaging stakeholders across various sectors and levels, inspiring more effective use of skills, diverse knowledge, manpower and resources, and connecting and harmonising the adaptation aims. The OAL serves as a benchmark for NBS upscaling, replication and exploitation in policy-making process through monitoring by field measurement, evaluation by key performance indicators and building solid evidence on their short- and long-term multiple benefits in different climatic, environmental and socio-economic conditions, thereby alleviating the challenges of political resistance, financial barriers and lack of knowledge. We conclude that holistic management of HMHs by effective use of NBS can be achieved with standard compliant data for replicating and monitoring NBS in OALs, knowledge about policy silos and interaction between research communities and end-users. Further research is needed for multi-risk analysis of HMHs and inclusion of NBS into policy frameworks, adaptable at local, regional and national scales leading to modification in the prevalent guidelines related to HMHs. The findings of this work can be used for developing synergies between current policy frameworks, scientific research and practical implementation of NBS in Europe and beyond for its wider acceptance.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Kumar, PrashantP.Kumar@surrey.ac.uk
Debele, Sisay E.s.debele@surrey.ac.uk
Sahani, Jeetendraj.sahani@surrey.ac.uk
Aragão, Leonardo
Barisani, Francesca
Basu, Bidroha
Bucchignani, Edoardo
Charizopoulos, Nikos
Di Sabatino, Silvana
Domeneghetti, Alessio
Edo, Albert Sorolla
Finér, Leena
Gallotti, Glauco
Juch, Sanne
Leo, Laura S.
Loupis, Michael
Mickovski, Slobodan B.
Panga, Depy
Pavlova, Irina
Pilla, Francesco
Prats, Adrian Löchner
Renaud, Fabrice G.
Rutzinger, Martin
Basu, Arunima Sarkar
Shah, Mohammad Aminur Rahman
Soini, Katriina
Stefanopoulou, Maria
Toth, Elena
Ukonmaanaho, Liisa
Vranic, Sasa
Zieher, Thomas
Date : 20 August 2020
DOI : 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138855
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords : Nature-based solutions; Hydro-meteorological hazards; Risk mitigation and adaptation; NBS policies; Indicators; Open-air laboratories (OALs)
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 22 May 2020 14:45
Last Modified : 02 Jun 2020 08:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/856975

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