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Eating Behavior (Duration, Content, and Timing) Among Workers Living under Different Levels of Urbanization

Tiuganji, Natalia M., Nehme, Patricia, Marqueze, Elaine C., Isherwood, Cheryl M., Martins, Andressa J., Vasconcelos, Suleima, Cipolla-Neto, José, Lowden, Arne, Skene, Debra J. and Moreno, Claudia R. C. (2020) Eating Behavior (Duration, Content, and Timing) Among Workers Living under Different Levels of Urbanization Nutrients, 12 (2), 375.

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Abstract

Urbanization has contributed to extended wakefulness, which may in turn be associated with eating over a longer period. Here, we present a field study conducted in four groups with different work hours and places of living in order to investigate eating behavior (duration, content, and timing). Anthropometric measures were taken from the participants (rural (n = 22); town (n = 19); city-day workers (n = 11); city-night workers (n = 14)). In addition, a sociodemographic questionnaire was self-answered and 24-h food recalls were applied for three days. The 24-h food recalls revealed that fat intake varied according to the groups, with the highest consumption by the city-day workers. By contrast, city-day workers had the lowest intake of carbohydrate, whereas the rural group had the highest. In general, all groups had some degree of inadequacy in food consumption. Eating duration was negatively correlated with total energy intake, fat, and protein consumption in the rural and town groups. There was a positive correlation between body mass index and eating duration in both city groups. The rural group had the earliest start time of eating, and this was associated with a lower body mass index. This study suggested that food content and timing, as well as eating duration, differed according to place of living, which in turn may be linked to lifestyle.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Tiuganji, Natalia M.
Nehme, Patricia
Marqueze, Elaine C.
Isherwood, Cheryl M.c.isherwood@surrey.ac.uk
Martins, Andressa J.
Vasconcelos, Suleima
Cipolla-Neto, José
Lowden, Arne
Skene, Debra J.D.Skene@surrey.ac.uk
Moreno, Claudia R. C.
Date : 31 January 2020
DOI : 10.3390/nu12020375
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords : Meal timing; Eating duration; Urbanization; Food content
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 20 May 2020 17:48
Last Modified : 20 May 2020 17:48
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/856969

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