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The good, the bad and the tasty: The many roles of mushrooms

de Mattos-Shipley, K.M.J, Ford, K.L, Alberti, F., Banks, Alice, Bailey, A.M and Foster, G.D (2016) The good, the bad and the tasty: The many roles of mushrooms Studies in Mycology, 85. pp. 125-157.

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Abstract

Fungi are often inconspicuous in nature and this means it is all too easy to overlook their importance. Often referred to as the“Forgotten Kingdom”, fungi arekey components of life on this planet. The phylumBasidiomycota, considered to contain the most complex and evolutionarily advanced members of this Kingdom,includes some of the most iconic fungal species such as the gilled mushrooms, puffballs and bracket fungi. Basidiomycetes inhabit a wide range of ecological niches,carrying out vital ecosystem roles, particularly in carbon cycling and as symbiotic partners with a range of other organisms. Specifically in the context of human use, thebasidiomycetes are a highly valuable food source and are increasingly medicinally important. In this review, seven main categories, or‘roles’, for basidiomycetes havebeen suggested by the authors: as model species, edible species, toxic species, medicinal basidiomycetes, symbionts, decomposers and pathogens, and two specieshave been chosen as representatives of each category. Although this is in no way an exhaustive discussion of the importance of basidiomycetes, this review aims to givea broad overview of the importance of these organisms, exploring the various ways they can be exploited to the benefit of human society.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
de Mattos-Shipley, K.M.J
Ford, K.L
Alberti, F.
Banks, Alicealice.banks@surrey.ac.uk
Bailey, A.M
Foster, G.D
Date : 11 November 2016
Funders : Royal Horticultural Society, University of Bristol, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
DOI : 10.1016/j.simyco.2016.11.002
Grant Title : Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) Grant
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2016, CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre. Production and hosting by ELSEVIER B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords : Agaricomycete, Basidiomycete, Model species, Mushroom.
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 03 Apr 2020 15:21
Last Modified : 03 Apr 2020 15:21
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/854119

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