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Uncovering the Impact of Triadic Relationships within a Team on Job Performance: An Application of Balance Theory in Predicting Feedback-Seeking Behavior

Lan, Junbang, Huo, Yuanyuan, Cai, Zhenyao, Wong, Chi-sum, Chen, Ziguang and Lam, Wing (2020) Uncovering the Impact of Triadic Relationships within a Team on Job Performance: An Application of Balance Theory in Predicting Feedback-Seeking Behavior Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.

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Abstract

Although a great deal of knowledge has accumulated about dyadic relationships (i.e., leader-member exchange (LMX) or team-member exchange (TMX)) within a team, employee behaviors that involve triadic relationships among focal employees, leaders, and teammates have seldom been investigated. Using Balance Theory, which describes triadic relationships from a power-dependence perspective, in the current study, we explore how the interplay of LMX, TMX, and peers’ LMX jointly impact employees’ feedback-seeking behavior (FSB) and subsequent job performance. By conducting a multilevel moderated polynomial regression on three-wave, multi-source data from 147 team members and their leaders (from 45 work teams), we found that the incongruence between LMX and TMX facilitates FSB when peers’ LMX or task interdependence is high. We also found an asymmetrical incongruence effect concerning the way in which individuals are more likely to seek feedback when LMX is worse than TMX, compared with when LMX is better than TMX. This differential effect is stronger when peers’ LMX or task interdependence is high. The interplay of LMX, TMX, peers’ LMX, and task interdependence eventually has an indirect effect on job performance through FSB. The results from a follow-up study of 270 employees from 77 teams further confirm our predictions about the mechanism of Balance Theory. Specifically, the results indicate that when peers’ LMX is high, the incongruence between LMX and TMX decreases employees’ psychological safety.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Lan, Junbang
Huo, Yuanyuany.huo@surrey.ac.uk
Cai, Zhenyao
Wong, Chi-sum
Chen, Ziguang
Lam, Wing
Date : 16 March 2020
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 17 Mar 2020 09:44
Last Modified : 17 Mar 2020 09:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/853939

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