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Assessment of tissue perfusion and vascular function in mice by scanning laser Doppler perfusion imaging

Leo, Francesca, Krenz, Thomas, Wolff, Georg, Weidenbach, Mathias, Heiss, Christian, Kelm, Malte, Isakson, Brant and Cortese-Krott, Miriam Margherita (2020) Assessment of tissue perfusion and vascular function in mice by scanning laser Doppler perfusion imaging Biochemical Pharmacology.

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Post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) is a key feature of physiological vasomotion to appropriately match the supply/demand ratio of tissues. This adaptive mechanism is severely disturbed in endothelial dysfunction with a reduced flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Reduced PORH and FMD are powerful prognostic risk factors in cardiovascular disease. While these parameters are frequently determined in human beings, comparable methods applicable to mouse models are sparse. We aimed to evaluate the applicability and accuracy of scanning laser Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI) to measure PORH in the mouse hindlimb. Changes in mean perfusion in response to vasoactive drugs and PORH (assessed by scanning LDPI) were compared with changes in diameter and blood flow in the femoral artery, as assessed by high-resolution ultrasound. We found that the measured LDPI signal significantly correlated with changes of inflow into the femoral artery. Vasodilation induced by administration of nitroglycerine and acetylcholine increased vessel diameter, blood flow and mean perfusion, while vasoconstriction following administration of epinephrine decreased all three parameters. PORH was induced by temporal occlusion of the femoral artery with an external cuff. During occlusion, mean perfusion decreased to a condition of zero-perfusion and release of the cuff induced an immediate increase in blood flow that was followed by femoral artery dilation driving PORH/ perfusion. Surgical removal of the femoral artery decreased mean perfusion to a zero-perfusion level and fully abolished PORH. Importantly, the measurement of the PORH response by scanning LDPI is highly reproducible as determined by repeated measurements and intra/interobserver variation analysis. Last, we found that the PORH response was dependent on nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase and declined with age. Thus, we here provide novel and robust non-invasive methods to serially measure tissue perfusion at baseline and during physiological and pharmacological modulation of vasomotor tone in the hindlimb of mice. The application of these LDPI scanning and ultrasound-based methods may be useful for testing the effects of drugs affecting vasomotor function or future elucidation of mechanisms leading to vasomotor dysfunction in mice in vivo.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
Leo, Francesca
Krenz, Thomas
Wolff, Georg
Weidenbach, Mathias
Kelm, Malte
Isakson, Brant
Cortese-Krott, Miriam Margherita
Date : 27 February 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords : Laser Doppler perfusion imaging; hindlimb; reactive hyperemia; nitric oxide synthase; age-dependent endothelial dysfunction.
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 28 Feb 2020 11:00
Last Modified : 28 Feb 2020 11:00

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