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Information from Earth Observation for the Management of Sustainable Land Use and Land Cover in Brazil: An Analysis of User Needs

Cerbaro, Mercio, Morse, Stephen, Murphy, Richard, Lynch, Jim and Griffiths, Geoffrey (2020) Information from Earth Observation for the Management of Sustainable Land Use and Land Cover in Brazil: An Analysis of User Needs Information from Earth Observation for the Management of Sustainable Land Use and Land Cover in Brazil: An Analysis of User Needs.

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Abstract

Brazil has some of the world’s most important forest and natural ecosystem resources and their sustainability is of global importance. The expansion of agriculture for livestock, the extractive industries, illegal logging, land conflicts, fire and deforestation are pressures on land use and drivers of land use change in many regions of Brazil. While different institutions in Brazil have sought to use Earth Observation (EO) data to support better land use management and conservation projects, several problems remain at the national and state level in the implementation of EO to support environmental policies and services provided to Brazilian society. This paper presents the results of a systematic analysis of the key challenges in using EO data in land management in Brazil and summarises them in a conceptual model of the factors influencing EO data use for assessing sustainable land use and land cover in Brazil. The research was based on a series of in‐depth, semistructured interviews (43) and structured interviews (53) with key stakeholders who make use of EO data across different locations in Brazil. The major challenges identified in the complex and multifaceted aspects of using this information were associated with access to, and with the processing of, raw data into usable information. The analysis also revealed novel insights on a lack of inter‐institutional communication, adequate office infrastructure and personnel, availability of the right type of EO data and funding restrictions, political instability and bureaucracy as factors that limit more effective use of EO data in Brazil at present. We close this analysis by considering how EO information for the sustainable management of land use and land cover can assist institutions as they respond to the varied political and economic instabilities affecting environmental governance and deforestation levels.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environment and Sustainability
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Cerbaro, Merciom.cerbaro@surrey.ac.uk
Morse, StephenS.Morse@surrey.ac.uk
Murphy, Richardrj.murphy@surrey.ac.uk
Lynch, JimJ.Lynch@surrey.ac.uk
Griffiths, Geoffrey
Date : 8 January 2020
DOI : doi.10.3390/su12020489
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020 by the authors
Uncontrolled Keywords : earth observation; indicators; land management; land use; sustainable development; Brazil
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 20 Feb 2020 11:05
Last Modified : 20 Feb 2020 11:05
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/853800

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