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Cocreating Value from Open Data: From Incentivizing Developers to Inducing Cocreation in Open Data Innovation Ecosystems

Brunswicker, Sabine, Majchrzak, Ann, Almirall, Esteve and Tee, Richard (2018) Cocreating Value from Open Data: From Incentivizing Developers to Inducing Cocreation in Open Data Innovation Ecosystems In: World Scientific Reference on Innovation. World Scientific Publishing, pp. 141-162.

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Abstract

Open governmental data available via platforms like data.gov have earned a place in the innovation agenda of governments and local authorities alike. To successfully make use of these sources, governments around the world experiment with competitive virtual contests or challenges to ignite the creativity of developers and hackers and motivate them to turn this data into novel digital applications. However, such efforts don’t seem to be sustainable. Applications developed in such contests regularly fail to ignite the continuous use by the end users. We argue that governments need to adopt an ecosystem perspective facilitating cocreation within the diverse open data innovation ecosystems of developers, producers, and users in order to foster the generativity needed for continuous value creation. However, various tensions among actors appear along the way. Taking a paradoxical view towards ecosystem tensions, we propose a socio-technical infrastructure that supports ecosystem generativity by addressing latent tensions in the “breeding zone” of an open data innovation. The infrastructure supports generative responses to these tensions in three ways: creating virtual trading zones, supporting the duality of stable and dynamic roles, and providing technological affordances for fluidity. This framework could set the stage for future research, encouraging system designers and policymakers to foster cocreation in open data innovation ecosystems.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Brunswicker, Sabine
Majchrzak, Ann
Almirall, Esteve
Tee, Richardr.tee@surrey.ac.uk
Editors :
NameEmailORCID
Nambisan, Satish
Date : May 2018
Uncontrolled Keywords : Open data; digital innovation; innovation ecosystem; inter-organizational tensions; generativity; socio-technical infrastructure; affordances
Depositing User : James Marshall
Date Deposited : 17 Feb 2020 16:13
Last Modified : 24 Mar 2020 12:32
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/853763

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