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Evaluation of low-cost sensors for quantitative personal exposure monitoring

Mahajan, Sachit and Kumar, Prashant (2020) Evaluation of low-cost sensors for quantitative personal exposure monitoring Sustainable Cities and Society, 102076.

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Abstract

Observation of air pollution at high spatio-temporal resolution has become easy with the emergence of low-cost sensors (LCS). LCS provide new opportunities to enhance existing air quality monitoring frameworks but there are always questions asked about the data accuracy and quality. In this study, we assess the performance of LCS against industry-grade instruments. We use linear regression (LR), artificial neural networks (ANN), support vector regression (SVR) and random forest (RF) regression for development of calibration models for LCS, which were Smart Citizen (SC) kits developed in iSCAPE project. Initially, outdoor colocation experiments are conducted where ten SC kits are collocated with GRIMM, which is an industry-grade instrument. Quality check on the LCS data is performed and the data is used to develop calibration models. Model evaluation is done by testing them on 9 SC kits. We observed that the SVR model outperformed other three models for PM2.5 with an average root mean square error of 3.39 and average R2 of 0.87. Model validation is performed by testing it for PM10 and SVR model shows similar results. The results indicate that SVR can be considered as a promising approach for LCS calibration.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Mahajan, Sachits.mahajan@surrey.ac.uk
Kumar, PrashantP.Kumar@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 28 January 2020
Funders : European Community H2020 Programme (H2020-SC5-04-2015)
DOI : 10.1016/j.scs.2020.102076
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2020 Published by Elsevier.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Low-cost sensors; Air pollution monitoring; Particulate matter exposure; Performance evaluation; iSCAPE project
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 06 Feb 2020 15:00
Last Modified : 06 Feb 2020 16:46
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/853684

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