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Facial expression of affect in children with Cornelia de Lange syndrome

Collis, L., Moss, Joanna, Jutley, J., Cornish, K. and Oliver, C. (2008) Facial expression of affect in children with Cornelia de Lange syndrome Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 52 (3). pp. 207-215.

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Individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) have been reported to show comparatively high levels of flat and negative affect but there have been no empirical evaluations. In this study, we use an objective measure of facial expression to compare affect in CdLS with that seen in Cri du Chat syndrome (CDC) and a group of individuals with a mixed aetiology of intellectual disabilities (ID).


Observations of three groups of 14 children with CdLS, CDC and mixed aetiology of ID were undertaken when a one-to-one interaction was ongoing. Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in the duration of positive, negative or flat affect. However, the CdLS group displayed a significantly lower ratio of positive to negative affect than children in the other groups.


This difference partially confirms anecdotal observations and could be due to the expression of pain caused by health problems associated with CdLS or neurological expression of the CdLS gene in facial muscles related to expression of positive affect. However, further research is needed to directly test these possible associations.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Collis, L.
Jutley, J.
Cornish, K.
Oliver, C.
Date : March 2008
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2007.01004.x
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2007 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Uncontrolled Keywords : Affect; Cornelia de Lange syndrome; Cri du Chat syndrome; Facial expression; Pain
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 03 Mar 2020 14:11
Last Modified : 03 Mar 2020 14:11

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