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What Can Be Learned From Couple Research: Examining Emotional Co-Regulation Processes in Face-to-Face Interactions

Hilpert, Peter, Brick, Timothy R., Flueckiger, Christoph, Vowels, Matthew, Ceuleman, Eva, Kuppens, Peter and Sels, Laura (2019) What Can Be Learned From Couple Research: Examining Emotional Co-Regulation Processes in Face-to-Face Interactions Journal of Counseling Psychology.

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Abstract

A crucial component of successful counseling and psychotherapy is the dyadic emotion co-regulation process between patient and therapist which unfolds moment-to-moment during therapy sessions. The major reason for the disappointing progress in understanding this process is the lack of appropriate methods to assess subjectively experienced emotions continuously during therapy sessions without disturbing the natural flow of the interaction. The resulting inability has forced the field to focus on patients’ overall emotion ratings at the end of each session with limited predictive value of the dyadic interplay between patient and therapist’s emotional states within each session. The current tutorial demonstrates how couple research – confronted with a comparable problem – has overcome this issue by (i) developing a video-based retrospective self-report assessment method for individuals’ continuous state emotions without undermining the dyadic interaction and (ii) using a validated statistical tool to analyze the dynamical process during a dyadic interaction. We show how to assess emotion data continuously, and how to unravel self-regulation and co-regulation processes using a Latent Differential Equation Modeling approach. Finally, we discuss how this approach can be applied in counseling psychology and psychotherapy to test basic theoretical assumptions about the co-creation of emotions despite the conceptual differences between couple dyads and therapist-patient dyads. The present method aims to inspire future research activities examining systematic real-time processes between patients and therapists.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Hilpert, Peterp.hilpert@surrey.ac.uk
Brick, Timothy R.
Flueckiger, Christoph
Vowels, Matthewm.j.vowels@surrey.ac.uk
Ceuleman, Eva
Kuppens, Peter
Sels, Laura
Date : 9 December 2019
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019, American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. Please do not copy or cite without authors' permission. The final article will be available, upon publication, via its DOI: 10.1037/cou0000416
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 20 Jan 2020 14:41
Last Modified : 20 Jan 2020 14:41
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/853349

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