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Nanomaterials Derived from Fungal Sources - Is It the New Hype?

Nawawi, Wan M. F. B. W., Jones, Mitchell, Murphy, Richard J., Lee, Koon-Yang, Kontturi, Eero and Bismarck, Alexander (2019) Nanomaterials Derived from Fungal Sources - Is It the New Hype? Biomacromolecules.

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Abstract

Greener alternatives to synthetic polymers are constantly being investigated and sought after. Chitin is a natural polysaccharide that gives structural support to crustacean shells, insect exoskeletons, and fungal cell walls. Like cellulose, chitin resides in nanosized structural elements that can be isolated as nanofibers and nanocrystals by various top-down approaches, targeted at disintegrating the native construct. Chitin has, however, been largely overshadowed by cellulose when discussing the materials aspects of the nanosized components. This Perspective presents a thorough overview of chitin-related materials research with an analytical focus on nanocomposites and nanopapers. The red line running through the text emphasizes the use of fungal chitin that represents several advantages over the more popular crustacean sources, particularly in terms of nanofiber isolation from the native matrix. In addition, many β-glucans are preserved in chitin upon its isolation from the fungal matrix, enabling new horizons for various engineering solutions.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environment and Sustainability
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Nawawi, Wan M. F. B. W.
Jones, Mitchell
Murphy, Richard J.rj.murphy@surrey.ac.uk
Lee, Koon-Yang
Kontturi, Eero
Bismarck, Alexander
Date : 8 October 2019
DOI : 10.1021/acs.biomac.9b01141
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 06 Nov 2019 14:41
Last Modified : 06 Nov 2019 14:41
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/853059

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