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The feasibility of increasing physical activity in care home residents: Active Residents in Care Homes (ARCH) programme

Hurley, Michael V., Wood, Julia, Smith, Raymond, Grant, Robert, Jordan, Jake, Gage, Heather, Anderson, Leizl, Kennedy, Bernadette and Jones, Fiona (2019) The feasibility of increasing physical activity in care home residents: Active Residents in Care Homes (ARCH) programme Physiotherapy.

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Objectives: Maintaining physical activity for older residents in care homes maximises their physical and mental health and wellbeing, independence, dignity and quality of life. Unfortunately, most residents do not participate in regular physical activity. Active Residents in Care Homes, ARCH, was designed to increase physical activity by facilitating whole-system change in a care home. We evaluated whether ARCH can be delivered, its effects on resident’s physical activity, wellbeing and costs. Design: Feasibility study. Setting: Three residential care homes. Participants: Care home residents and staff. Intervention: Occupational and physiotherapists implemented ARCH over 4 months with an 8-month follow-up. Main outcome measures: Assessment of Physical Activity, Pool Activity Level, EQ5D-5 L, Dementia Care Mapping, cost of implementing ARCH, health and social care utilisation. Results: After implementing ARCH, residents displayed more positive behaviours, better mood and engagement and higher physical activity levels, but these improvements were not sustained at 8-month follow-up. The cost (2016 prices) of implementing ARCH was £61,037, which equates to £1,650/resident. Healthcare utilisation was £295/resident (SD320) in the 4 months prior to ARCH, £308/resident (SD406) during the 4-month implementation and £676/resident (SD438) in the 8-month follow-up. Conclusions: The ARCH programme can be delivered, it may have some short-term benefits and is affordable. Rather than have unrealistic increases in the health and longevity of older care home residents, ARCH may slow the decline in physical, mental and emotional well-being usually seen in older people in care homes, return some dignity and improve their quality of life in their last months or years.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
Hurley, Michael V.
Wood, Julia
Smith, Raymond
Grant, Robert
Anderson, Leizl
Kennedy, Bernadette
Jones, Fiona
Date : 27 June 2019
Funders : The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy Charitable Trust
DOI : 10.1016/
Copyright Disclaimer : Crown Copyright © 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Older people; Care homes; Physical activity; Health; Well-being; Quality of life
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 02 Oct 2019 11:44
Last Modified : 28 Jun 2020 02:08

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