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Optimised Co-Precipitation synthesis condition for oxalate-derived zirconia nanoparticles

Foo, Yuan Teng, Abdullah, Ahmad Zuhairi, Amini Horri, Bahman and Salamatinia, Babak (2019) Optimised Co-Precipitation synthesis condition for oxalate-derived zirconia nanoparticles Ceramics International, 45 (17B). pp. 22930-22939.

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Optimised Co-Precipitation Synthesis Condition For Oxalate-Derived Zirconia Nanoparticles.docx - Accepted version Manuscript
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Abstract

Zirconia (ZrO₂) nanoparticles were successfully synthesised from zirconyl chloride and ammonium oxalate via co-precipitation (CP), followed by calcination of the resulting co-precipitated precursor. CP and calcination processing parameters showed considerable effects on the surface morphology, average crystallite size, and phase purity of the resulting ZrO₂ particles. In this work, field emission scanning and transmission electron microscopy (FESEM and TEM) confirmed the existence of spherical and uniformly shaped ZrO₂ particles, with crystallite size ranging between 6 and 35 nm. Pure ZrO₂ nanoparticles synthesised through calcination at 650 °C had a strained monoclinic phase structure. On the other hand, ZrO₂ particles prepared through calcination at 600 °C revealed presence of a transitional phase from tetragonal to monoclinic phase in its X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. The FESEM images and XRD results also revealed that the degree of particle agglomeration and average crystallite size had increased with increasing processing temperatures and durations. Henceforth, precursor was co-precipitated at 40 °C for 1 h, then calcined at 650 °C for 4 h for optimum production of ZrO₂ nanoparticles with an average crystallite size of 12.85 nm and large Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of 18.06 m²/g.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Foo, Yuan Teng
Abdullah, Ahmad Zuhairi
Amini Horri, Bahmanb.aminihorri@surrey.ac.uk
Salamatinia, Babak
Date : 1 December 2019
DOI : 10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.07.336
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords : Nano-material; Ammonium oxalate; Co-precipitation; Zirconium oxide; Zirconia
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 08 Aug 2019 10:15
Last Modified : 19 Dec 2019 11:55
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/852377

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