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Field Independence associates with mathematics and science performance in 5- to 10-year-olds after accounting for domain-general factors

Morris, Su, Farran, Emily K. and Dumontheil, Iroise (2019) Field Independence associates with mathematics and science performance in 5- to 10-year-olds after accounting for domain-general factors Mind, Brain and Education.

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Abstract

Field independence describes the extent to which individuals are influenced by context when trying to identify embedded targets. It associates with cognitive functioning and is a predictor of academic achievement. However, little is known about the neural and cognitive underpinnings of field independence which lead to these associations. Here we investigated behavioural associations between two measures of field independence (Children’s Embedded Figures Test (CEFT) and Design Organisation Test (DOT)) and performance on mathematics (reasoning and written arithmetic) and science tests (reasoning and scientific inquiry) in 135 children aged 5-10 years. There were strong associations between field independence and mathematics and science, which were largely explained by individual differences in age, IQ, and verbal working memory. However, regression analyses indicated that after controlling for these variables, the CEFT explained additional variance on the mathematical reasoning and science tests, whereas the DOT predicted unique variance on the written arithmetic test.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Morris, Su
Farran, Emily K.e.farran@surrey.ac.uk
Dumontheil, Iroise
Date : 2019
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Field independence; Mathematics; Science; Child development; Executive function
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 31 Jul 2019 13:48
Last Modified : 31 Jul 2019 13:48
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/852332

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