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Cocoa flavanols improve endothelial functional integrity in healthy young and elderly subjects

Gröne, Michael, Sansone, Roberto, Höffken, Phillip, Horn, Patrick, Rodriguez-Mateos, Ana, Schroeter, Hagen, Kelm, Malte and Heiss, Christian (2019) Cocoa flavanols improve endothelial functional integrity in healthy young and elderly subjects Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

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Abstract

Cocoa flavanols (CF) can improve vascular stiffness, blood pressure, and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in healthy subjects. Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are markers of endothelial functional integrity reflecting activation and injury. In plasma samples, we investigated whether age-dependent changes in circulating EMPs exist and whether CFs decrease EMPs in healthy humans. The concentrations of CD31+/41-, CD144+, and CD62e+-EMPs (flow-cytometry) were increased in healthy elderly (n=19) as compared to young (n=20) non-smokers. EMPs correlated with age, systolic blood pressure, and pulse wave velocity. CD31+/41- and CD62e+-EMPs inversely correlated with FMD. Following 2 weeks twice-daily CF consumption (450 mg), CD31+/41- and CD144+-EMPs decreased both in young and elderly subjects compared to CF-free control. The EMP decrease inversely correlated with FMD improvements. Cardiovascular aging is associated with increased EMPs that can be modulated by dietary flavanols along with improvements in vascular function. This indicates that flavanol consumption can improve endothelial functional integrity in healthy humans.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Gröne, Michael
Sansone, Roberto
Höffken, Phillip
Horn, Patrick
Rodriguez-Mateos, Anaa.rodriguez-mateos@surrey.ac.uk
Schroeter, Hagen
Kelm, Malte
Heiss, Christianc.heiss@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 12 July 2019
Funders : European Union Seventh Framework Programme
DOI : 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b02251
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords : Age; Endothelial microparticles; Endothelial function; Nutrition; Blood pressure; Arterial stiffness
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 18 Jul 2019 13:36
Last Modified : 20 Nov 2019 17:20
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/852278

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