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Millimeter-Scale Unipolar Transport in High Sensitivity Organic–Inorganic Semiconductor X-ray Detectors

Jayawardena, K. D. G. Imalka, Thirimanne, Hashini M., Tedde, Sandro Francesco, Huerdler, Judith E., Parnell, Andrew J., Bandara, R. M. Indrachapa, Mills, Christopher A. and Silva, S. Ravi P. (2019) Millimeter-Scale Unipolar Transport in High Sensitivity Organic–Inorganic Semiconductor X-ray Detectors ACS Nano.

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Abstract

Hybrid inorganic-in-organic semiconductors are an attractive class of materials for optoelectronic applications. Traditionally, the thicknesses of organic semiconductors are kept below 1 μm due to poor charge transport in such systems. However, recent work suggests that charge carriers in such organic semiconductors can be transported over centimeter length scales opposing this view. In this work, a unipolar X-ray photoconductor based on a bulk heterojunction architecture, consisting of poly(3-hexylthiophene), a C70 derivative, and high atomic number bismuth oxide nanoparticles operating in the 0.1–1 mm thickness regime is demonstrated, having a high sensitivity of ∼160 μC mGy–1 cm–3. The high performance enabled by hole drift lengths approaching a millimeter facilitates a device architecture allowing a high fraction of the incident X-rays to be attenuated. An X-ray imager is demonstrated with sufficient resolution for security applications such as portable baggage screening at border crossings and public events and scalable medical applications.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Jayawardena, K. D. G. Imalkai.jayawardena@surrey.ac.uk
Thirimanne, Hashini M.h.thirimanne@surrey.ac.uk
Tedde, Sandro Francesco
Huerdler, Judith E.
Parnell, Andrew J.
Bandara, R. M. Indrachapa
Mills, Christopher A.C.Mills@surrey.ac.uk
Silva, S. Ravi P.S.Silva@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 2019
Funders : Leverhulme Trust, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), University of Surrey
DOI : 10.1021/acsnano.9b01916
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019 American Chemical Society
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 05 Jun 2019 09:27
Last Modified : 05 Jun 2019 09:27
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/851935

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