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Effect of local and upwind stratification on flow and dispersion inside and above a bi-dimensional street canyon

Marucci, Davide and Carpentieri, Matteo (2019) Effect of local and upwind stratification on flow and dispersion inside and above a bi-dimensional street canyon Building and Environment, 156. pp. 74-88.

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Abstract

The effects of a stably-stratified boundary layer on flow and dispersion in a bi-dimensional street canyon with unity aspect ratio have been investigated experimentally in a wind tunnel in combination with differential wall heating. Laser-Doppler anemometry together with a fast flame ionisation detector and cold-wire anemometry were employed to sample velocities, concentration, temperatures and fluxes.

A single-vortex pattern was observed in the isothermal case, preserved also when leeward wall was heated, but with a considerable increment of the vortex speed. Heating the windward wall, instead, was found to generate a counter-rotating vortex, resulting in the reduction of velocity within the canopy. The stable stratification also contributes reducing the speed, but only in the lower half of the canyon. The largest values of turbulent kinetic energy were observed above the canopy, while inside they were concentrated close to the windward wall, even when the leeward one was heated. An incoming stable stratification produced a significant and generalised turbulence reduction in all the cases. Windward heating was found to produce larger temperature increments within the canopy, while in the leeward case heat was immediately vacated above the canopy. A stable approaching flow reduced both the temperature and the heat fluxes.

A passive tracer was released from a point source located at ground level at the centre of the street canyon. The resulting plume cross-section pattern was mostly affected by the windward wall heating, which produced an increment of the pollutant concentration on the windward side by breaking the main vortex circulation. The application of an incoming stable stratification created a generalised increment of pollutant within the canopy, with concentrations twice as large. Turbulent pollutant fluxes were found significant only at roof level and close to the source. On the other hand, in the windward wall-heated case the reduction of the mean flux renders the turbulent component relevant in other locations as well.

The present work highlights the importance of boundary layer stratification and local heating, both capable of creating significant modifications in the flow and pollutant fields at microscale range.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Marucci, Davided.marucci@surrey.ac.uk
Carpentieri, MatteoM.Carpentieri@surrey.ac.uk
Date : June 2019
Funders : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
DOI : 10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.04.013
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords : Differential heating; Stable boundary layer; Wind tunnel; Street canyon; Dispersion
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 07 May 2019 07:56
Last Modified : 07 May 2019 07:56
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/851750

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