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Physicochemical Comparison of Precipitated Calcium Carbonate for Different Configurations of a Biogas Upgrading Unit

Baena‐Moreno, Francisco M., Price, Cameron Alexander Hurd, Le Saché, Estelle, Pastor‐Pérez, Laura, Sebastia Saez, Daniel and Reina, T. R. (2019) Physicochemical Comparison of Precipitated Calcium Carbonate for Different Configurations of a Biogas Upgrading Unit Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 94 (7). pp. 2256-2262.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

This paper presents a physicochemical comparison of the solid products obtained from two alternative processes that recycle waste sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) solution, which is produced following the absorption of CO2 in a biogas‐upgrading unit. Chemical regeneration processes offer an attractive alternative to the energetically demanding standard physical methods. In the first process, sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is regenerated as a precipitate from the chemical reaction of Na2CO3 with calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). The second process shows a path to obtain a valuable sodium chloride (NaCl) and Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) rich brine from calcium chloride (CaCl2) acting as a precipitant agent. In both processes, Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC) is obtained as the most valuable by‐product, but with varying properties due to the different origin.

RESULTS

The purpose of this work is to analyse physicochemically both variations of PCCs obtained and examining the differences between these solid samples in order to determine which method produces more desirable characteristics in the final product. To this end, FTIR, Raman, XRD and SEM were employed as characterization methods. The results reflect that both PCCs have a calcite crystal structure, or morph, being as both PCC products originate from CaCl2 that is more similar to commercial calcium carbonate calcite.

CONCLUSION

These results confirmed that a pure CaCO3 valuable by‐product can be obtained from a biogas upgrading unit with several industrial applications.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Baena‐Moreno, Francisco M.
Price, Cameron Alexander Hurd
Le Saché, Estellee.lesache@surrey.ac.uk
Pastor‐Pérez, Laura
Sebastia Saez, Danielj.sebastiasaez@surrey.ac.uk
Reina, T. R.t.ramirezreina@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 20 March 2019
Funders : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Royal Society
DOI : 10.1002/jctb.6013
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Biogas; Carbon Capture; Carbon Utilisation; Chemical Analysis; Green Chemistry; Precipitation
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 10 Apr 2019 09:28
Last Modified : 29 Aug 2019 15:07
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/851041

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