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The importance of being psychologically empowered: Buffering the negative effects of employee perceptions of Leader–Member Exchange differentiation

Emery, Cecile, Booth, Jonathan E., Michaelides, George and Swaab, Alexander J. (2019) The importance of being psychologically empowered: Buffering the negative effects of employee perceptions of Leader–Member Exchange differentiation Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.

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Abstract

Although differentiated relationships among leaders and their followers are fundamental to Leader–Member Exchange (LMX) theory, research provides limited knowledge about whether employees’ responses to individual perceptions of LMX differentiation are uniform. In a field study, we examined whether individual‐level psychological empowerment buffers the negative relationship between perceived LMX differentiation and job satisfaction and found that the negative relationship is strongest under low employee psychological empowerment conditions, as compared to high psychological empowerment. Furthermore, in a multi‐wave field study and an experiment, we extended these initial findings by investigating employees’ perceptions of supervisory fairness as a mediator of this moderated relationship. We found that the indirect effect between perceived LMX differentiation and job satisfaction, through supervisory fairness perceptions, is strongest under low employee psychological empowerment, as compared to high psychological empowerment. Collectively, our findings showcase the importance of psychological empowerment as a tool for employees to use to counteract the negative effect of perceived differentiated contexts.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Surrey Business School
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Emery, Cecilececile.emery@surrey.ac.uk
Booth, Jonathan E.
Michaelides, George
Swaab, Alexander J.
Date : 5 April 2019
DOI : 10.1111/joop.12266
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the British Psychological Society This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Perceived LMX differentiation; Psychological empowerment; Supervisory fairness
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 09 Apr 2019 09:57
Last Modified : 09 Apr 2019 09:57
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/850999

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