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Experimental investigation of the thermal performance of a helical coil latent heat thermal energy storage for solar energy applications

Mahdi, Mustafa S., Mahood, Hameed B., Khadom, Anees A., Campbell, Alasdair N., Hasan, Mohanad and Sharif, Adel O. (2019) Experimental investigation of the thermal performance of a helical coil latent heat thermal energy storage for solar energy applications Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, 10. pp. 287-298.

Experimental Investigation of the Thermal Performance of a Helical Coil Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage for Solar Energy Applications.pdf - Accepted version Manuscript

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Thermal performance of a Latent Heat helical coil Thermal Energy Storage (LHTS) was investigated experimentally for both phases; melting and solidification processes. Paraffin wax (type P56-58) and tap water were used as a Phase Change Material (PCM), and a Heat Transfer Fluid (HTF), respectively. The paraffin wax (PCM) thermos-physical properties were determined experimentally. To simulate the solar energy conditions, three different initial temperatures (70 °C, 75 °C and 80 °C) and flow rates (1 L/min, 3 L/min and 5 L/min) of the HTF were tested throughout the PCM melting experiments, while the temperature of HTF was only 30 °C with the same flow rates for solidification process. The storage was completely insulated to reduce the heat losses. The PCM temperature during the melting and solidification processes was measured with time using 16 K-type calibrated thermocouples distributed along the PCM axially and radially. The experimental results showed that contrary to the solidification process, the melting was a superior in the helical coil LHTS under different operational conditions. Axial and radial melting fronts were noticed during the PCM melting process which considerably shortened the melting time under the effect of convection and a shape like a pyramid is formed at the core of the storage. Initial temperature of heat transfer fluid (HTF) was significantly affected the melting process and the increased of it from 70 °C to 75 °C and from 75 °C to 80 °C resulted in shortening the total melting time by about 34.5% and 27.2% respectively. An optimum HTF flow rate was observed during the melting process and it was found to be 3 L/min under the operational conditions of the present experiments. Contrary, the flow rate of HTF was insignificant during the solidification process. The initial temperature of HTF was slightly affected the effectiveness of the melting process. In spite of the efficiency of the melting process, enhancement of the solidification in the coiled LHTS is necessary in order to use the process in the thermal applications of solar energy.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
Mahdi, Mustafa S.
Mahood, Hameed B.
Khadom, Anees A.
Campbell, Alasdair
Hasan, Mohanad
Sharif, Adel
Date : May 2019
DOI : 10.1016/j.tsep.2019.02.010
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Uncontrolled Keywords : Thermal energy storage; LHTS; PCM; Experimental technique; Helical coil; Thermal performance
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 21 Mar 2019 08:52
Last Modified : 02 Mar 2020 02:08

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