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Looking around houses: Attention to a model when drawing complex shapes in Williams syndrome and typical development

Hudson, Kerry D. and Farran, Emily K. (2013) Looking around houses: Attention to a model when drawing complex shapes in Williams syndrome and typical development RESEARCH IN DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES, 34 (9). pp. 3029-3039.

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Abstract

Drawings by individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) typically lack cohesion. The popular hypothesis is that this is a result of excessive focus on local-level detail at the expense of global configuration. In this study, we explored a novel hypothesis that inadequate attention might underpin drawing in WS. WS and typically developing (TD) non-verbal ability matched groups copied and traced a house figure comprised of geometric shapes. The house was presented on a computer screen for 5-s periods and participants pressed a key to re-view the model. Frequency of key-presses indexed the looks to the model. The order that elements were replicated was recorded to assess hierarchisation of elements. If a lack of attention to the model explained poor drawing performance, we expected participants with WS to look less frequently to the model than TD children when copying. If a local-processing preference underpins drawing in WS, more local than global elements would be produced. Results supported the first, but not second hypothesis. The WS group looked to the model infrequently, but global, not local, parts were drawn first, scaffolding local-level details. Both groups adopted a similar order of drawing and tracing of parts, suggesting typical, although delayed strategy-use in the WS group. Additionally both groups drew larger elements of the model before smaller elements, suggested a size-bias when drawing.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Hudson, Kerry D.
Farran, Emily K.e.farran@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 1 September 2013
DOI : 10.1016/j.ridd.2013.06.024
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Social Sciences, Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Education, Special, Rehabilitation, Education & Educational Research, Drawing, Williams syndrome, Attention, Developmental disability, Strategy use, BEUREN-SYNDROME, EYE-MOVEMENTS, DOWN-SYNDROME, CHILDREN, INDIVIDUALS, ABILITIES, DEFICIT, CONSTRUCTION, INFORMATION, WEAKNESSES
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 26 Jun 2019 16:20
Last Modified : 26 Jun 2019 16:20
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/850217

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