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Spatial cognition and science achievement: The contribution of intrinsic and extrinsic spatial skills from 7 to 11 years

Hodgkiss, A., Gilligan, K.A., Tolmie, A.K., Thomas, M.S.C. and Farran, E. (2018) Spatial cognition and science achievement: The contribution of intrinsic and extrinsic spatial skills from 7 to 11 years BRITISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY.

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Abstract

Background: Prior longitudinal and correlational research with adults and adolescents indicates that spatial ability is a predictor of science learning and achievement. However, there is little research to date with primary-school aged children that addresses this relationship. Understanding this association has the potential to inform curriculum design and support the development of early interventions. Aims: This study examined the relationship between primary-school children's spatial skills and their science achievement. Method: Children aged 7-11 years (N = 123) completed a battery of five spatial tasks, based on a model of spatial ability in which skills fall along two dimensions: intrinsic-extrinsic; static-dynamic. Participants also completed a curriculum-based science assessment. Results: Controlling for verbal ability and age, mental folding (intrinsic-dynamic spatial ability), and spatial scaling (extrinsic-static spatial ability) each emerged as unique predictors of overall science scores, with mental folding a stronger predictor than spatial scaling. These spatial skills combined accounted for 8% of the variance in science scores. When considered by scientific discipline, mental folding uniquely predicted both physics and biology scores, and spatial scaling accounted for additional variance in biology and variance in chemistry scores. The children's embedded figures task (intrinsic-static spatial ability) only accounted for variance in chemistry scores. The patterns of association were consistent across the age range. Conclusion: Spatial skills, particularly mental folding, spatial scaling, and disembedding, are predictive of 7- to 11-year-olds' science achievement. These skills make a similar contribution to performance for each age group.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Hodgkiss, A.
Gilligan, K.A.k.gilligan@surrey.ac.uk
Tolmie, A.K.
Thomas, M.S.C.
Farran, E.e.farran@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 22 January 2018
DOI : 10.1111/bjep.12211
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 The British Psychological Society.
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 13 Mar 2019 16:10
Last Modified : 13 Mar 2019 16:20
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/850188

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