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The use of discrimination scaling tasks: A novel perspective on the development of spatial scaling in children

Gilligan, Katie, Hodgkiss, A., Thomas, M.S.C. and Farran, Emily (2018) The use of discrimination scaling tasks: A novel perspective on the development of spatial scaling in children Cognitive Development, 47. pp. 133-145.

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Abstract

Spatial scaling is the ability to transform distance information between shapes of differing sizes. Research on the developmental trajectories of spatial scaling beyond the pre-school years has been limited by a lack of suitable scaling measures for older children. Here we developed an age-appropriate discrimination scaling task, and demonstrated that children (N = 386) achieve performance gains in spatial scaling skills between 5 and 8-years-of-age, after which no significant improvements were found. Furthermore, the results support the use of relative distance strategies for task completion. These findings contrast to localisation paradigms, where performance reaches a plateau by age 6 and mental transformation strategies are used for scaling. The finding that scaling skills continue to develop until 8 years highlight the potential of scaling interventions in the early primary school years. Such interventions may infer direct benefits on spatial thinking and indirect advantages for science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) achievement.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Gilligan, Katiek.gilligan@surrey.ac.uk
Hodgkiss, A.
Thomas, M.S.C.
Farran, Emilye.farran@surrey.ac.uk
Date : July 2018
DOI : 10.1016/j.cogdev.2018.04.001
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 The Authors
Depositing User : Diane Maxfield
Date Deposited : 13 Mar 2019 15:22
Last Modified : 13 Mar 2019 15:22
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/850185

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