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The effect of iodine deficiency during pregnancy on child development.

Bath, Sarah C. (2019) The effect of iodine deficiency during pregnancy on child development. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society.

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Abstract

It is well known that severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy may cause impaired brain development in the child, with effects on cognitive and motor function, hearing and speech. Whether mild-to-moderate deficiency also affects neurological development is less well known, but in the last decade a number of observational studies have been conducted to answer this question and these studies are reviewed in this article. The picture is now emerging that even mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency during pregnancy may be associated with subtle impairments in cognition and school performance, though the evidence from randomised controlled trials is still lacking. As global efforts to eradicate iodine deficiency in populations continue, it is more likely that mild-to-moderate, rather than severe, iodine deficiency will be the issue of concern in pregnancy, and therefore further research in regions of mild-to-moderate deficiency is required to strengthen the research base and to inform public-health policy.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Bath, Sarah C.s.bath@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 15 January 2019
DOI : 10.1017/S0029665118002835
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Authors 2018. Published by Cambridge University Press.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Iodine; Pregnancy; Child development; Thyroxine; Free T4; Randomised controlled trial; Thyroid-stimulating hormone; Urinary iodine concentration
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 Jan 2019 15:12
Last Modified : 22 Feb 2019 14:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/850164

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