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Does inattention and hyperactivity moderate the relationship between speed of processing and language skills?

Gooch, Debbie, Sears, Claire, Maydew, Harriet, Vamvakas, George and Norbury, Courtenay Frazier (2019) Does inattention and hyperactivity moderate the relationship between speed of processing and language skills? Child Development.

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Abstract

The causal role of speed of processing (SOP) in developmental language disorder (DLD) is unclear given that SOP has been implicated in other neurodevelopmental disorders such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This study investigated associations between SOP, language, and inattention/hyperactivity in a UK epidemiological cohort (N=528). Monolingual children from a range of socio-economic backgrounds were assessed longitudinally; at ages 5-6 (2012/13) and 7-8 years (2014/15). Persistent weaknesses in SOP characterised children with DLD but did not predict language longitudinally. Ratings of inattention/hyperactivity moderated the association between SOP and language, indicating that SOP deficits are particularly detrimental for language when coupled with poor attention/hyperactivity. SOP may be a shared risk factor for DLD and inattention/hyperactivity or a general marker of neurodevelopmental disorder.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Gooch, Debbied.gooch@surrey.ac.uk
Sears, Claire
Maydew, Harriet
Vamvakas, George
Norbury, Courtenay Frazier
Date : 9 February 2019
Funders : Wellcome Trust
DOI : 10.1111/cdev.13220
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2019 The Authors Child Development published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society for Research in Child Development. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Speed of processing, Inattention/Hyperactivity, Developmental Language Disorder
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 20 Nov 2018 18:38
Last Modified : 05 Apr 2019 13:27
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/849913

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