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Massively Parallel Tree Search for High-Dimensional Sphere Decoders

Nikitopoulos, Konstantinos, Georgis, Georgios, Jayawardena, Chathura, Chatzipanagiotis, Daniil and Tafazolli, Rahim (2018) Massively Parallel Tree Search for High-Dimensional Sphere Decoders Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems.

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Abstract

The recent paradigm shift towards the transmission of large numbers of mutually interfering information streams, as in the case of aggressive spatial multiplexing, combined with requirements towards very low processing latency despite the frequency plateauing of traditional processors, initiates a need to revisit the fundamental maximum-likelihood (ML) and, consequently, the sphere-decoding (SD) detection problem. This work presents the design and VLSI architecture of MultiSphere; the first method to massively parallelize the tree search of large sphere decoders in a nearly-concurrent manner, without compromising their maximum-likelihood performance, and by keeping the overall processing complexity comparable to that of highly-optimized sequential sphere decoders. For a 10 ⇥ 10 MIMO spatially multiplexed system with 16-QAM modulation and 32 processing elements, our MultiSphere architecture can reduce latency by 29⇥ against well-known sequential SDs, approaching the processing latency of linear detection methods, without compromising ML optimality. In MIMO multicarrier systems targeting exact ML decoding, MultiSphere achieves processing latency and hardware efficiency that are orders of magnitude improved compared to approaches employing one SD per subcarrier. In addition, for 16⇥16 both “hard”- and “soft”-output MIMO systems, approximate MultiSphere versions are shown to achieve similar error rate performance with state-of-the art approximate SDs having akin parallelization properties, by using only one tenth of the processing elements, and to achieve up to approximately 9⇥ increased energy efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Nikitopoulos, Konstantinosk.nikitopoulos@surrey.ac.uk
Georgis, Georgiosg.georgis@surrey.ac.uk
Jayawardena, Chathurac.jayawardena@surrey.ac.uk
Chatzipanagiotis, Daniil
Tafazolli, RahimR.Tafazolli@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 11 October 2018
Funders : EPSRC
DOI : 10.1109/TPDS.2018.2874002
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Sphere Decoding, Parallel Processing, Large Multiple-Input–Multiple-Output (MIMO), Lattice Search.
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 20 Sep 2018 11:37
Last Modified : 11 Dec 2018 11:24
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/849373

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