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Exploring the thermal degradation mechanisms of some polybenzoxazines under ballistic heating conditions in helium and air

Thompson, Scott, Howlin, Brendan J., Stone, Corinne A. and Hamerton, Ian (2018) Exploring the thermal degradation mechanisms of some polybenzoxazines under ballistic heating conditions in helium and air Polymer Degradation and Stability, 156. pp. 180-192.

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Abstract

The degradation behaviour of five polybenzoxazines (PBZs) is studied using pyrolysis-GC/MS. Upon heating to 800 °C in helium the PBZs generate a variety of similar pyrolysis products including aniline (the major product in all cases), substituted phenols, acridine, and 9-vinylcarbazole. During the initial stages of heating (200–300 °C) aniline is the dominant pyrolysis product; from 350 °C onwards substituted phenols are released, particularly 2-methylphenol and 2,6-dimethyl phenol. The same major species are produced on heating in air, but in addition isocyanatobenzene is observed which results from the oxidation of Mannich bridges, along with a number of sulphurous species from the monomer containing a thioether bridge. This suggests that sulphur is more likely to be retained in the char in a helium atmosphere, but takes part in oxidative reactions to form pyrolysis fragments in air. During the ramped temperature cycles in both air and helium atmospheres the release of aniline was observed to rise, fall and then to rise again. This may be due a combination of the very high heating rate, poor thermal conduction of the polymer and the availability of the Mannich bridges to undergo breakdown.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemistry
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Thompson, Scott
Howlin, Brendan J.B.Howlin@surrey.ac.uk
Stone, Corinne A.
Hamerton, Ian
Date : 5 September 2018
DOI : 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2018.09.002
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords : Polybenzoxazines; Thermal stability; Pyrolysis; Degradation mechanisms
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 14 Sep 2018 12:30
Last Modified : 06 Sep 2019 02:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/849294

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