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Two-neutron and core-excited states in Pb210 : Tracing E3 collectivity and evidence for a new β -decaying isomer in Tl210

Broda, R., Iskra, Ł. W., Janssens, R. V. F., Brown, B. A., Fornal, B., Wrzesiński, J., Cieplicka-Oryńczak, N., Carpenter, M. P., Chiara, C. J., Hoffman, C. R. , Kondev, F. G., Lane, G. J., Lauritsen, T., Podolyak, Zs., Seweryniak, D., Walters, W. B. and Zhu, S. (2018) Two-neutron and core-excited states in Pb210 : Tracing E3 collectivity and evidence for a new β -decaying isomer in Tl210 Physical Review C, 98 (2), 024324.

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Abstract

Yrast and near-yrast levels up to an I=17ℏ spin value and a 6-MeV excitation energy have been delineated in the “two-neutron” 210Pb nucleus following deep-inelastic reactions involving 208Pb targets and a number of heavy-ion beams at energies ∼25% above the Coulomb barrier. The level scheme was established on the basis of multifold prompt and delayed coincidence relationships measured with the Gammasphere array. In addition to the previously known states, many new levels were identified. For most of the strongly populated states, spin-parity assignments are proposed on the basis of angular distributions. The reinvestigation of the ν(g9/2)2, 8+ isomeric decay results in the firm identification of the low-energy E2 transitions involved in the 8+→6+→4+ cascade, and in a revised 6+ level half-life of 92(10) ns, nearly a factor of 2 longer than previously measured. Among the newly identified states figure spin I=4–10ℏ levels associated with the νg9/2i11/2 multiplet, as well as yrast states involving νg9/2j15/2, νi11/2j15/2, and ν(j15/2)2 neutron couplings. The highest-spin excitations are understood as 1p−1h core excitations and the yrast population is found to be fragmented to the extent that levels of spin higher than I=17ℏ could not be reached. Four E3 transitions are present in the 210Pb yrast decay; three of these involve the g9/2→j15/2 octupole component, as reflected in the 21(2) and >10 Weisskopf unit enhancements of the B(E3) rates of the first two. The fourth, 16+→13−E3 transition corresponds to the 3− core octupole excitation built on the νi11/2j15/2 state, in analogy to a similar E3 coupling to the νj15/2 level in 209Pb. Shell-model calculations performed for two-neutron states and 1p−1h 208Pb core excitations are in good agreement with the data. Evidence was found for the existence of a hitherto unknown high-spin β-decaying isomer in 210Tl. Shell-model calculations of the 210Tl levels suggest the possibility of a 11+ long-lived, β-decaying state, and the delayed yields observed in various reactions fit rather well with a 210Tl assignment.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Broda, R.
Iskra, Ł. W.
Janssens, R. V. F.
Brown, B. A.
Fornal, B.
Wrzesiński, J.
Cieplicka-Oryńczak, N.
Carpenter, M. P.
Chiara, C. J.
Hoffman, C. R.
Kondev, F. G.
Lane, G. J.
Lauritsen, T.
Podolyak, Zs.Z.Podolyak@surrey.ac.uk
Seweryniak, D.
Walters, W. B.
Zhu, S.
Date : 31 August 2018
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevC.98.024324
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 American Physical Society
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 06 Sep 2018 15:11
Last Modified : 06 Sep 2018 15:11
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/849234

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