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Envisat/ASAR Images for the Calibration of Wind Drag Action in the Doñana Wetlands 2D Hydrodynamic Model

Ramos-Fuertes, Anaïs, Marti-Cardona, Belen, Bladé, Ernest and Dolz, Josep (2013) Envisat/ASAR Images for the Calibration of Wind Drag Action in the Doñana Wetlands 2D Hydrodynamic Model Remote Sensing, 6 (1). pp. 379-406.

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Abstract

Doñana National Park wetlands are located in southwest Spain, on the right bank of the Guadalquivir River, near the Atlantic Ocean coast. The wetlands dry out completely every summer and progressively flood again throughout the fall and winter seasons. Given the flatness of Doñana’s topography, the wind drag action can induce the flooding or emergence of extensive areas, detectable in remote sensing images. Envisat/ASAR scenes acquired before and during strong and persistent wind episodes enabled the spatial delineation of the wind-induced water displacement. A two-dimensional hydrodynamic model of Doñana wetlands was built in 2006 with the aim to predict the effect of proposed hydrologic restoration actions within Doñana’s basin. In this work, on-site wind records and concurrent ASAR scenes are used for the calibration of the wind-drag modeling by assessing different formulations. Results show a good adjustment between the modeled and observed wind drag effect. Displacements of up to 2 km in the wind direction are satisfactorily reproduced by the hydrodynamic model, while including an atmospheric stability parameter led to no significant improvement of the results. Such evidence will contribute to a more accurate simulation of hypothetic or design scenarios, when no information is available for the atmospheric stability assessment.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ramos-Fuertes, Anaïs
Marti-Cardona, Belenb.marti-cardona@surrey.ac.uk
Bladé, Ernest
Dolz, Josep
Date : 27 December 2013
DOI : 10.3390/rs6010379
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords : Doñana; Wetlands; ASAR; Flood mapping; Hydrodynamic modeling; Wind stress
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 04 Sep 2018 13:55
Last Modified : 04 Sep 2018 13:55
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/849194

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