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Preferred Interpersonal Distances: A Global Comparison

Sorokowska, Agnieszka, Sorokowski, Piotr, Hilpert, Peter, Cantarero, Katarzyna, Frackowiak, Tomasz, Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh, Alghraibeh, Ahmad M., Aryeetey, Richmond, Bertoni, Anna, Bettache, Karim , Blumen, Sheyla, Błażejewska, Marta, Bortolini, Tiago, Butovskaya, Marina, Castro, Felipe Nalon, Cetinkaya, Hakan, Cunha, Diana, David, Daniel, David, Oana A., Dileym, Fahd A., Domínguez Espinosa, Alejandra del Carmen, Donato, Silvia, Dronova, Daria, Dural, Seda, Fialová, Jitka, Fisher, Maryanne, Gulbetekin, Evrim, Hamamcıoğlu Akkaya, Aslıhan, Hromatko, Ivana, Iafrate, Raffaella, Iesyp, Mariana, James, Bawo, Jaranovic, Jelena, Jiang, Feng, Kimamo, Charles Obadiah, Kjelvik, Grete, Koç, Fırat, Laar, Amos, de Araújo Lopes, Fívia, Macbeth, Guillermo, Marcano, Nicole M., Martinez, Rocio, Mesko, Norbert, Molodovskaya, Natalya, Moradi, Khadijeh, Motahari, Zahrasadat, Mühlhauser, Alexandra, Natividade, Jean Carlos, Ntayi, Joseph, Oberzaucher, Elisabeth, Ojedokun, Oluyinka, Omar-Fauzee, Mohd Sofian Bin, Onyishi, Ike E., Paluszak, Anna, Portugal, Alda, Razumiejczyk, Eugenia, Realo, Anu, Relvas, Ana Paula, Rivas, Maria, Rizwan, Muhammad, Salkičević, Svjetlana, Sarmány-Schuller, Ivan, Schmehl, Susanne, Senyk, Oksana, Sinding, Charlotte, Stamkou, Eftychia, Stoyanova, Stanislava, Šukolová, Denisa, Sutresna, Nina, Tadinac, Meri, Teras, Andero, Tinoco Ponciano, Edna Lúcia, Tripathi, Ritu, Tripathi, Nachiketa, Tripathi, Mamta, Uhryn, Olja, Yamamoto, Maria Emília, Yoo, Gyesook and Pierce, John D. (2017) Preferred Interpersonal Distances: A Global Comparison Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 48 (4). pp. 577-592.

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Abstract

Human spatial behavior has been the focus of hundreds of previous research studies. However, the conclusions and generalizability of previous studies on interpersonal distance preferences were limited by some important methodological and sampling issues. The objective of the present study was to compare preferred interpersonal distances across the world and to overcome the problems observed in previous studies. We present an extensive analysis of interpersonal distances over a large data set (N = 8,943 participants from 42 countries). We attempted to relate the preferred social, personal, and intimate distances observed in each country to a set of individual characteristics of the participants, and some attributes of their cultures. Our study indicates that individual characteristics (age and gender) influence interpersonal space preferences and that some variation in results can be explained by temperature in a given region. We also present objective values of preferred interpersonal distances in different regions, which might be used as a reference data point in future studies.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Sorokowska, Agnieszka
Sorokowski, Piotr
Hilpert, Peterp.hilpert@surrey.ac.uk
Cantarero, Katarzyna
Frackowiak, Tomasz
Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh
Alghraibeh, Ahmad M.
Aryeetey, Richmond
Bertoni, Anna
Bettache, Karim
Blumen, Sheyla
Błażejewska, Marta
Bortolini, Tiago
Butovskaya, Marina
Castro, Felipe Nalon
Cetinkaya, Hakan
Cunha, Diana
David, Daniel
David, Oana A.
Dileym, Fahd A.
Domínguez Espinosa, Alejandra del Carmen
Donato, Silvia
Dronova, Daria
Dural, Seda
Fialová, Jitka
Fisher, Maryanne
Gulbetekin, Evrim
Hamamcıoğlu Akkaya, Aslıhan
Hromatko, Ivana
Iafrate, Raffaella
Iesyp, Mariana
James, Bawo
Jaranovic, Jelena
Jiang, Feng
Kimamo, Charles Obadiah
Kjelvik, Grete
Koç, Fırat
Laar, Amos
de Araújo Lopes, Fívia
Macbeth, Guillermo
Marcano, Nicole M.
Martinez, Rocio
Mesko, Norbert
Molodovskaya, Natalya
Moradi, Khadijeh
Motahari, Zahrasadat
Mühlhauser, Alexandra
Natividade, Jean Carlos
Ntayi, Joseph
Oberzaucher, Elisabeth
Ojedokun, Oluyinka
Omar-Fauzee, Mohd Sofian Bin
Onyishi, Ike E.
Paluszak, Anna
Portugal, Alda
Razumiejczyk, Eugenia
Realo, Anu
Relvas, Ana Paula
Rivas, Maria
Rizwan, Muhammad
Salkičević, Svjetlana
Sarmány-Schuller, Ivan
Schmehl, Susanne
Senyk, Oksana
Sinding, Charlotte
Stamkou, Eftychia
Stoyanova, Stanislava
Šukolová, Denisa
Sutresna, Nina
Tadinac, Meri
Teras, Andero
Tinoco Ponciano, Edna Lúcia
Tripathi, Ritu
Tripathi, Nachiketa
Tripathi, Mamta
Uhryn, Olja
Yamamoto, Maria Emília
Yoo, Gyesook
Pierce, John D.
Date : 22 March 2017
DOI : 10.1177/0022022117698039
Uncontrolled Keywords : interpersonal distance, spatial behavior, culture, cultural psychology
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 31 Aug 2018 14:50
Last Modified : 31 Aug 2018 15:24
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/849178

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