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Stent fractures after common femoral artery bail-out stenting due to suture device failure in TAVR

Veulemans, Verena, Afzal, Shazia, Ledwig, Paul, Heiss, Christian, Busch, Lucas, Sansone, Roberto, Soetemann, Dagmar B., Maier, Oliver, Kleinebrecht, Laura, Kelm, Malte , Zeus, Tobias and Hellhammer, Katharina (2018) Stent fractures after common femoral artery bail-out stenting due to suture device failure in TAVR Vasa, 47 (5). pp. 393-401.

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Abstract

Background:

Vascular access site-related complications are frequent in the context of transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The implantation of a covered stent graft is an effective treatment option for bleeding control. However, the external iliac and common femoral arteries are exposed to flexion of the hip joint. Therefore, stent compression and stent/strut fractures may occur, facilitating stent occlusion.

Patients and methods:

In all 389 patients who received transfemoral TAVR from 2013–2015 at the Düsseldorf Heart Centre, we monitored the management of vascular access site-related complications. Our analyses focused on immediate technical success and bleeding control, primary patency, and the occurrence of stent/strut fractures after six to 12 months of follow-up.

Results:

Vascular access site-related complications occurred in 13 % (n = 51), whereof in 10 patients, the bleeding was successfully managed by prolonged compression. In 40 out of 51 patients, a covered stent graft was implanted in the common femoral artery, leading to 100 % immediate bleeding control. After a mean follow-up of 334 ± 188 days, 28 stents out of 29 patients with completed follow-up (excluding e. g. death) were without flow-limiting stenosis (primary patency 97 %) or relevant stent compression (diameter pre/post 8.6/8.1 mm, p = 0.048, late lumen loss 1.1 ± 0.2 mm, mean flow velocity 92 ± 34 cm/s). In four asymptomatic patients, stent/strut fractures were detected (14 %) without flow-limiting stenosis.

Conclusions:

The implantation of a covered stent graft is highly effective and safe to control vascular access site-related complications after TAVR. Stent/strut fractures in the flexible segment of the common femoral artery may occur, as consequently verified by X-ray visualization, but show no impairment on flow or clinical parameters after six to 12 months.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Veulemans, Verena
Afzal, Shazia
Ledwig, Paul
Heiss, Christianc.heiss@surrey.ac.uk
Busch, Lucas
Sansone, Roberto
Soetemann, Dagmar B.
Maier, Oliver
Kleinebrecht, Laura
Kelm, Malte
Zeus, Tobias
Hellhammer, Katharina
Date : 28 June 2018
DOI : 10.1024/0301-1526/a000712
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 Hogrefe AG.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Percutaneous valve; Risk factors; Interventional cardiology
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 29 Aug 2018 10:23
Last Modified : 20 Jun 2019 09:50
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/849146

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