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From Giant H ii regions and H ii galaxies to globular clusters and compact dwarf ellipticals

Terlevich, Elena, Fernández-Arenas, David, Terlevich, Roberto, Gieles, Mark, Chávez, Ricardo and González-Morán, Ana Luisa (2018) From Giant H ii regions and H ii galaxies to globular clusters and compact dwarf ellipticals Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 481 (1), sty2325. pp. 268-276.

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Massive starforming regions like Giant H ii Regions (GHIIR) and H ii Galaxies (HIIG) are emission line systems ionized by compact young massive star clusters (YMC) with masses ranging from 104M⊙ to 108M⊙. We model the photometric and dynamical evolution over a Hubble time of the massive gravitationally bound systems that populate the tight relation between absolute blue magnitude and velocity dispersion (MB − σ) of GHIIR and HIIG and compare the resulting relation with that one of old stellar systems: globular clusters, elliptical galaxies, bulges of spirals. After 12 Gyr of evolution their position on the σ vs. MB plane coincides – depending on the initial mass – either with the globular clusters for systems with initial mass M < 106M⊙ or with a continuation of the ellipticals, bulges of spirals and ultracompact dwarfs for YMC with M > 106M⊙. The slope change in the MB − σ and MB-size relations at cluster masses around 106M⊙ is due to the larger impact of the dynamical evolution on the lower mass clusters. We interpret our result as an indication that the YMC that ionize GHIIR and HIIG can evolve to form globular clusters and ultra compact dwarf ellipticals in about 12 Gyr so that present day globular clusters and ultra compact dwarf ellipticals may have formed in conditions similar to those observed in today GHIIR and HIIG.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
Terlevich, Elena
Fernández-Arenas, David
Terlevich, Roberto
Chávez, Ricardo
González-Morán, Ana Luisa
Date : 24 August 2018
DOI : 10.1093/mnras/sty2325
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
Uncontrolled Keywords : Giant HII regions, H II galaxies, Evolution, Globular clusters, Supersonic line widths
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 28 Aug 2018 10:50
Last Modified : 21 Nov 2018 16:18

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