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Global Study of Social Odor Awareness

Sorokowska, Agnieszka, Groyecka, Agata, Karwowski, Maciej, Frackowiak, Tomasz, Lansford, Jennifer E, Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh, Alghraibeh, Ahmad M, Aryeetey, Richmond, Bertoni, Anna, Bettache, Karim , Blumen, Sheyla, Błażejewska, Marta, Bortolini, Tiago, Butovskaya, Marina, Cantarero, Katarzyna, Castro, Felipe Nalon, Cetinkaya, Hakan, Chang, Lei, Chen, Bin-Bin, Cunha, Diana, David, Daniel, David, Oana A, Dileym, Fahd A, Domínguez Espinosa, Alejandra del Carmen, Donato, Silvia, Dronova, Daria, Dural, Seda, Fialová, Jitka, Fisher, Maryanne, Gulbetekin, Evrim, Hamamcıoğlu Akkaya, Aslıhan, Hilpert, Peter, Hromatko, Ivana, Iafrate, Raffaella, Iesyp, Mariana, James, Bawo, Jaranovic, Jelena, Jiang, Feng, Kimamo, Charles Obadiah, Kjelvik, Grete, Koç, Fırat, Laar, Amos, Lopes, Fívia de Araújo, Macbeth, Guillermo, Marcano, Nicole M, Martinez, Rocio, Mesko, Norbert, Molodovskaya, Natalya, Moradi Qezeli, Khadijeh, Motahari, Zahrasadat, Mühlhauser, Alexandra, Natividade, Jean Carlos, Ntayi, Joseph, Oberzaucher, Elisabeth, Ojedokun, Oluyinka, Omar-Fauzee, Mohd Sofian Bin, Onyishi, Ike E, Paluszak, Anna, Pierce, John D, Pillay, Urmila, Portugal, Alda, Razumiejczyk, Eugenia, Realo, Anu, Relvas, Ana Paula, Rivas, Maria, Rizwan, Muhammad, Salkičević, Svjetlana, Sarmány-Schuller, Ivan, Schmehl, Susanne, Senyk, Oksana, Sinding, Charlotte, Sorbring, Emma, Stamkou, Eftychia, Stoyanova, Stanislava, Šukolová, Denisa, Sutresna, Nina, Tadinac, Meri, Tapanya, Sombat, Teras, Andero, Tinoco Ponciano, Edna Lúcia, Tripathi, Ritu, Tripathi, Nachiketa, Tripathi, Mamta, Uhryn, Olja, Yamamoto, Maria Emília, Yoo, Gyesook and Sorokowski, Piotr (2018) Global Study of Social Odor Awareness Chemical Senses, 43 (7). pp. 503-513.

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Abstract

Olfaction plays an important role in human social communication, including multiple domains in which people often rely on their sense of smell in the social context. The importance of the sense of smell and its role can however vary inter-individually and culturally. Despite the growing body of literature on differences in olfactory performance or hedonic preferences across the globe, the aspects of a given culture as well as culturally universal individual differences affecting odor awareness in human social life remain unknown. Here, we conducted a large-scale analysis of data collected from 10 794 participants from 52 study sites from 44 countries all over the world. The aim of our research was to explore the potential individual and country-level correlates of odor awareness in the social context. The results show that the individual characteristics were more strongly related than country-level factors to self-reported odor awareness in different social contexts. A model including individual-level predictors (gender, age, material situation, education, and preferred social distance) provided a relatively good fit to the data, but adding country-level predictors (Human Development Index, population density, and average temperature) did not improve model parameters. Although there were some cross-cultural differences in social odor awareness, the main differentiating role was played by the individual differences. This suggests that people living in different cultures and different climate conditions may still share some similar patterns of odor awareness if they share other individual-level characteristics.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Sorokowska, Agnieszka
Groyecka, Agata
Karwowski, Maciej
Frackowiak, Tomasz
Lansford, Jennifer E
Ahmadi, Khodabakhsh
Alghraibeh, Ahmad M
Aryeetey, Richmond
Bertoni, Anna
Bettache, Karim
Blumen, Sheyla
Błażejewska, Marta
Bortolini, Tiago
Butovskaya, Marina
Cantarero, Katarzyna
Castro, Felipe Nalon
Cetinkaya, Hakan
Chang, Lei
Chen, Bin-Bin
Cunha, Diana
David, Daniel
David, Oana A
Dileym, Fahd A
Domínguez Espinosa, Alejandra del Carmen
Donato, Silvia
Dronova, Daria
Dural, Seda
Fialová, Jitka
Fisher, Maryanne
Gulbetekin, Evrim
Hamamcıoğlu Akkaya, Aslıhan
Hilpert, Peterp.hilpert@surrey.ac.uk
Hromatko, Ivana
Iafrate, Raffaella
Iesyp, Mariana
James, Bawo
Jaranovic, Jelena
Jiang, Feng
Kimamo, Charles Obadiah
Kjelvik, Grete
Koç, Fırat
Laar, Amos
Lopes, Fívia de Araújo
Macbeth, Guillermo
Marcano, Nicole M
Martinez, Rocio
Mesko, Norbert
Molodovskaya, Natalya
Moradi Qezeli, Khadijeh
Motahari, Zahrasadat
Mühlhauser, Alexandra
Natividade, Jean Carlos
Ntayi, Joseph
Oberzaucher, Elisabeth
Ojedokun, Oluyinka
Omar-Fauzee, Mohd Sofian Bin
Onyishi, Ike E
Paluszak, Anna
Pierce, John D
Pillay, Urmila
Portugal, Alda
Razumiejczyk, Eugenia
Realo, Anu
Relvas, Ana Paula
Rivas, Maria
Rizwan, Muhammad
Salkičević, Svjetlana
Sarmány-Schuller, Ivan
Schmehl, Susanne
Senyk, Oksana
Sinding, Charlotte
Sorbring, Emma
Stamkou, Eftychia
Stoyanova, Stanislava
Šukolová, Denisa
Sutresna, Nina
Tadinac, Meri
Tapanya, Sombat
Teras, Andero
Tinoco Ponciano, Edna Lúcia
Tripathi, Ritu
Tripathi, Nachiketa
Tripathi, Mamta
Uhryn, Olja
Yamamoto, Maria Emília
Yoo, Gyesook
Sorokowski, Piotr
Date : 27 June 2018
DOI : 10.1093/chemse/bjy038
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model)
Uncontrolled Keywords : Odour awareness; Olfaction; Smell; Culture
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 24 Aug 2018 12:58
Last Modified : 28 Jun 2019 02:09
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/849096

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