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Chronotype: implications for epidemiological studies on chrono-nutrition and cardiometabolic health

Almoosawi, Suzana, Vingeliene, Snieguole, Gachon, Frederic, Voortman, Trudy, Palla, Luigi, Johnston, Jonathan D., Van Dam, Rob Martinus, Darimont, Christian and Karagounis, Leonidas G (2019) Chronotype: implications for epidemiological studies on chrono-nutrition and cardiometabolic health Advances in Nutrition, 10 (1), nmy070. pp. 30-42.

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Chrono-nutrition is an emerging research field in nutritional epidemiology that encompasses three dimensions of eating behaviour: timing, frequency, and regularity of food intake. To date, few studies have investigated how an individual’s circadian typology, i.e. one’s chronotype, affects the association between chrono-nutrition and cardiometabolic health. This review sets the directions for future research by providing a narrative overview of recent epidemiological research on chronotype, its determinants and its association with dietary intake and cardiometabolic health. Limited research was found of the association between chronotype and dietary intake in infants, children and older adults. Moreover, most of the evidence in adolescents and adults was restricted to cross-sectional surveys with few longitudinal cohorts simultaneously collecting data on chronotype and dietary intake. There was gap in research concerning the association between chronotype and the three dimensions of chrono-nutrition. Whether chronotype modifies the association between diet and cardiometabolic health outcomes remains to be elucidated. In conclusion, further research is required to understand the interplay between chronotype, chrono-nutrition and cardiometabolic health outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
Almoosawi, Suzana
Vingeliene, Snieguole
Gachon, Frederic
Voortman, Trudy
Palla, Luigi
Johnston, Jonathan
Van Dam, Rob Martinus
Darimont, Christian
Karagounis, Leonidas G
Date : January 2019
DOI : 10.1093/advances/nmy070
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 American Society for Nutrition. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact Adv Nutr 2018;0:1–13; doi:
Uncontrolled Keywords : Chrono-nutrition; Chronotype; Nutrition; Circadian rhythm; Cardiometabolic health; Epidemiology
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 23 Aug 2018 08:19
Last Modified : 19 Aug 2019 11:45

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